Children and adolescents with ASD exhibit high rates of ADHD symptoms (16–85 percent), and there is overlap between ASD and ADHD symptoms (13). However, the acknowledgement that ADHD and ASD diagnoses might coexist was codified only in the DSM-5 (1). The evidence for this new diagnosis comes from studies showing that individuals with both conditions perform worse on standardized tests than those with just one of them (8). Although more research is needed to understand how these two conditions are related, it's important to recognize that they can co-occur.
Both Asperger's and ADHD are neurodevelopmental illnesses, although ADHD is not on the autism spectrum. ADHD is significantly more frequent than Asperger's Syndrome, and the National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI) estimates that it affects 9% of children aged three to seventeen. However many doctors believe that the actual rate may be higher because many people with ADHD do not receive a diagnosis.
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common brain disorder that causes people to have trouble focusing their attention and controlling their behavior, especially during stressful situations. People with this condition are drawn to activities that provide immediate gratification rather than thinking about the long-term consequences of their actions. They may forget details of their daily lives but remember major events clearly. ADHD can cause problems at school or work, and may also lead to depression or anxiety disorders as well as sleep problems.
People with Asperger's syndrome have difficulties understanding other people's emotions and social cues, which makes them look like they are "acting out" in order to get attention. They may seem loud or aggressive as a way to get others to pay attention to them. Also called high-functioning autism, Asperger's syndrome is one of the most common forms of autism. It is estimated that 1 in 110 children has Asperger's syndrome. Like those with low-functioning autism, those with high-functioning autism can learn new skills and adapt well to changing circumstances.
More information on Toddlers and ADHD Children with ADHD are less likely to participate in the ritualistic behavior that children with ASD are renowned for (for example, head banging or meticulously lining up their toys). ADHD children might be gregarious and interested in their surroundings. However, they may have difficulty focusing on one task for an extended period time. This could mean that they are more likely to get distracted by something shiny or sound-making than someone who has resolved to stay with one activity until it is finished.
ADHD affects about 7% of school-age children. It is estimated that between 20 and 50% of children with ADHD also have autism. The two conditions often go together - those with ADHD tend to have trouble sitting still for long periods of time, while those with ASD find such activities boring. But ADHD and ASD can also co-exist without causing any additional problems for the child. Often, parents will be told by doctors who see both disorders in their patients that if something doesn't cause a problem for a child with ASD, then it isn't causing them any harm either.
There are several factors that may help explain why people with ADHD are more likely to have ASD. Genetics may play a role because studies have shown that children of parents with ADHD are more likely to have ADHD themselves. Also, adults with ADHD are more likely to have children with ASD because the conditions often go together.
According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, ADHD affects 4 to 12% of kids in the United States. Symptoms commonly emerge before the age of seven. According to studies, boys are diagnosed with ADHD at a higher rate than females, and there is often a significant family history of the disorder in other guys. Some researchers believe that males are more likely to be diagnosed with ADHD because teachers and parents assume that males need attention more than females.
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is a condition that causes people to have trouble focusing on one thing for extended periods of time, as well as having a difficult time controlling their behavior, requiring constant stimulation. Most children will experience some degree of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder-like symptoms during childhood and adolescence. The diagnosis becomes clearer when a person's symptoms cause them serious problems at school or with friends.
Boys are more likely to be diagnosed with ADHD than girls because males are expected to behave in certain ways. For example, students who act out in class or have difficulty sitting still for long periods of time are more likely to be diagnosed with the disorder. Also, doctors may think that males need attention more than females and thus look for ways to give it to them. Finally, research has shown that males with ADHD are more likely to be diagnosed compared to females because males tend to respond better to treatment methods used to manage this disorder.
According to the DSM-5 criteria, clinicians can classify ADHD as "mild," "moderate," or "severe." Mild: there are few symptoms above the necessary number for diagnosis, and symptoms cause modest impairment in social, school, or job situations. Moderate: there are still many symptoms, but they cause more significant impairment than does the mild form. Severe: even with many symptoms, they do not cause much or any impairment.
Those with severe ADHD may experience problems with attention span, control over impulsive behaviors, and self-regulation. They may also have a hard time organizing their thoughts and may act without considering the consequences. Those with this form of the disease may need assistance from others to accomplish simple tasks.
People who have ADHD often use stimulants such as Ritalin or Adderall to help them focus at school or at work, and these drugs are very effective at doing so. However, due to the risk of side effects such as paranoia or irritability, people should not take these medications without first discussing it with their doctor. A patient's dosage may need to be adjusted based on his or her body weight; however, most adults will be able to stay within the recommended range if they follow the instructions on their prescription label.