Both approaches can increase employee productivity by a factor of ten! The first seeks to examine various employee personalities using Carl Jung's theories (a renowned psychiatrist and psychoanalyst). According to Jung, people can be classified as either introverted or extroverted. Intuition is the main channel through which information is received by introverts, while extroverts rely more on logic to make decisions. Sensing people are perceptive of their environment, while thinking people use their imagination to create visions of what could be. Feeling people tend to take things personally when they experience events or situations that affect them emotionally. Judgmental people look for faults in others, while altruistic people focus on their own shortcomings first before trying to improve themselves.
The second approach uses psychology research to explain how different behaviors affect employee productivity. Albert Einstein said "If you can't explain it simply, then you don't understand it well enough". This means that if you cannot accurately describe something using simple language then there is much you do not know about it. For example, someone who describes employees as resources to be managed rather than individuals to be respected would be using a terminology they do not understand. This person would not know what kind of impact these words would have on their employees' feelings about working here.
People are naturally driven to accomplish goals.
J. Richard Hackman and Greg Oldham, organizational psychologists, established the Job Characteristics Model as a normative approach to job enrichment (see job redesign). It outlines five key job aspects that will result in significant psychological states in the particular employee. These aspects are autonomy, complexity, conflict, significance, and stress.
The JCM was developed to explain why some jobs are more satisfying than others, even though they involve many of the same tasks and responsibilities. Autonomy, for example, makes jobs more rewarding because it allows employees to choose how they perform their duties, which tasks they complete, and how they structure their work schedules. In addition, choosing one's own path also means not being limited by management-imposed procedures or hierarchy. Employees who have the freedom to decide how they go about their work feel like they are part of a team and have a say in the direction of their organization.
Complexity refers to the amount of knowledge required to perform an occupation. Complex jobs require employees to have a strong understanding of multiple subjects—such as business practices and technology skills for managers, health and safety regulations for workers in the health care industry—in order to fulfill their role effectively. Because these jobs often change over time, they are rarely assigned based on position title or salary grade; instead, they are chosen based on an individual's experience and training.
According to Landis, personality not only has a direct impact on employees' performance assessments, but it also influences employees' places in their workplace social networks. These jobs also aid in predicting work performance. According to Landis, persons who are extremely diligent and emotionally stable tend to be more successful at work. They get the job done without error and complete it more quickly than others. However, they also may become frustrated more easily if tasks aren't completed in the way they expect them to be.
Also according to Landis, people who are extroverted and energetic tend to have more success at work. They enjoy interacting with others and find working with groups fun. This type of personality also tends to respond better to rewards such as bonuses and raises. In general, these individuals like what they do and find it rewarding which helps them perform at a high level.
Finally, those who are imaginative and creative tend to be more successful at work. They're drawn to jobs that use their talents to their advantage. For example, an artistic person might want to work in advertising because it uses their talent for drawing and painting to promote products. Similarly, someone with scientific skills can find work in research labs or technology companies. People with these traits can sometimes be found working together, which is why you may see artists or writers join corporate teams to help implement ideas into products or documents.