Suicide and Criminal Defense Depression has been used as a justification for insanity. Clinical depression, even if it is not psychotic, may give sufficient justification for criminal or otherwise unethical failures to act. The American Bar Association's guidelines on insanity defenses state that "although most people who are depressed do not commit suicide, those who do so may be more likely to claim mental illness as a defense."
In addition, the ABA states that "those who suffer from major depressive disorder often experience suicidal thoughts. These individuals should be warned that certain actions can increase their risk of death."
Finally, the ABA notes that "those who claim lack of responsibility for their actions due to mental disease or defect may be found not guilty by reason of insanity. In this case, they would be committed to a hospital for treatment until such time as they could be released without danger to themselves or others."
Thus, depression can be a defense to murder or other crimes.
However, not all experts agree that depression can justify killing yourself. They say that only those people who are clinically depressed should use this defense. Otherwise, it can be considered self-harm which is unacceptable.
Furthermore, some people who have taken their own lives have done so because of the stress of living with depression.
Insanity is typically used to describe severe symptoms characterized by psychotic-like breakdowns with reality, whereas mental illness can encompass both severe and lesser kinds of mental disease (such as anxiety disorders and mild depression). Many doctors now believe that clinical depression is a form of brain disorder rather than pure "insanity" because the symptoms can be treated with medication.
Depression is a common mental health problem that affects how people think, feel, and act. It is a syndrome that involves an abnormal response of the body's immune system and the brain. Depression is often described as a chronic condition that can recur at any time.
However, most people who are depressed will eventually recover without any help from medicine or therapy. This is because depression is a product of how your brain works not your spirit. As long as you continue to live your life feeling hopelessness and despair, but once you start to fight back against this condition, it can be beaten.
Clinical depression is defined by two or more episodes of depression occurring at least two weeks apart. If you experience one episode of depression, you do not meet the criteria for clinical depression.
Anxiety disorders, panic disorders, social phobia, and generalized anxiety disorders have all been associated to clinical depression. These illnesses collectively impact millions of Americans. They are often called "mental disorders" because unlike physical diseases they cannot be diagnosed by looking at a blood test or x-ray.
Symptoms of anxiety disorders include constant worry, fearfulness, apprehension, nervousness, irritability, muscle tension, and insomnia. Symptoms of panic disorder include sudden attacks of terror accompanied by a powerful desire to flee, symptoms of social phobia include extreme fear of public exposure or humiliation, while those of generalized anxiety disorder include the same type of worries every day for no apparent reason.
People with these disorders may experience one or more episodes of anxiety or panic that cause them great distress. These episodes must be distinguished from normal feelings of stress or anxiety which most people experience from time to time. If you experience four consecutive days of intense anxiety, with symptoms such as nausea, chest pain, rapid breathing, and hot flashes, then you should see your doctor to determine whether you have an anxiety attack.
The main treatment for these conditions is psychotherapy, which means talking therapy that focuses on changing thoughts and behaviors. Other treatments include medications, self-help techniques, and environmental modifications.
Depression is thus recognized as a true psychosomatic disorder, having distinct psychodynamic and deeply entrenched somatic origins. Its occurrence in traditional psychosomatic disorders as well as other somatic conditions where it is usually noticed as a depressed counterpart has been evaluated. The conclusion reached was that the presence of depression in such patients implies the involvement of deeper levels of the psychodynamic system that may not be evident at the surface level.
In summary, depression is regarded as a psychosomatic disorder with dynamic psychological and organic components. It is often seen in conjunction with other psychosomatic disorders, most commonly anxiety disorders. Somatic symptoms are common in both depressive and anxious individuals, but diagnosis of either condition by itself can be difficult. Treatment for depression must therefore address both mind and body. Medications can be used to treat both mental and physical aspects of the disorder, while psychotherapy can be applied to alter thinking patterns and behavior that may be underlying causes of depression.
Depression is one of the most curable mental illnesses. Between 80 and 90 percent of patients suffering from depression eventually react favorably to therapy. Almost all patients see some level of alleviation from their symptoms.
However, 10 to 20 percent of patients do not respond to treatment, either because they are not fully engaged in their therapy or because their depression is caused by a physical problem that cannot be cured with drugs or psychotherapy alone. Patients in this last group may need to seek additional treatment from doctors who specialize in conditions such as anxiety disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), or bipolar disorder.
Even if you do not recover completely, many treatments can help you get better. Doctors often prescribe several different therapies together to increase the chances of success. For example, depression is commonly treated with both antidepressant medications and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT).
CBT focuses on how someone thinks and acts toward changing negative thinking patterns and behaviors that may be triggering feelings of sadness and despair. The goal is to come up with new ways of thinking and acting that will replace those that cause pain. CBT has been shown to be more effective than medication in some studies of young adults.
Another option is to combine antidepressants and psychotherapy.