While ADHD is a learning disability that frequently affects attention, behavior, or both, dyspraxia affects fine motor skills, language, and planning abilities and is not necessarily classified as a learning disability. However, because people with dyspraxia often have other issues affecting their ability to learn, it's important to see a psychologist or other mental health professional for diagnosis and treatment.
People with dyspraxia may also have ADHD. While most children who are diagnosed with ADHD also have dyspraxia, some studies show that up to 20 percent of children with ADHD do not have co-morbid dyspraxia. Still others report that between 5 and 10 percent of adults have both conditions. Whether you have ADHD or not, seeing a psychologist or other mental health professional can help you manage the symptoms that may be causing trouble at school or work.
Dyspraxia is often associated with problems during childhood such as delayed speech and walking, but this is not always the case. Many adults with dyspraxia continue to experience difficulties with tasks that require coordination, such as playing instruments or sports. Because dyspraxia is related to brain function, it can never really go away even if you learn to control your body. Instead, it becomes more difficult to perform certain tasks.
Dyspraxia is a neurological condition that impairs a person's ability to plan and execute motor actions. Individuals with dyspraxia frequently struggle with language and, in certain cases, with cognition and perception. They also tend to be behind their peers developmentally.
Teenagers with dyspraxia often have poor social skills and may experience difficulties at school. Because of this, they may need to repeat grades or take special education classes. However, many teenagers with dyspraxia make good friends over the Internet or through mobile apps, and some go on to become teachers or therapists when they grow up.
Dyspraxia is rarely diagnosed during childhood because most children without an underlying medical condition develop adequate motor skills and learn to interact with others. When symptoms persist into adulthood, however, it can be difficult for individuals to find jobs or move out of their parents' homes.
There are several types of dyspraxia, but all involve problems with planning and executing movements accurately. Some people are only mildly affected by dyspraxia, while others suffer greatly from its consequences. Diagnosis depends on a detailed history from the patient and their family as well as a physical examination conducted by a doctor. There are no specific treatments for dyspraxia; rather, its focus is on providing support and educating patients and their families about the condition.
Although there appears to be some overlap in the symptoms, dyslexia refers to a learning issue in reading, writing, and spelling, whereas dyspraxia refers to a difficulty in motor coordination abilities. Therefore, someone with dyslexia would have problems with reading and writing, but not necessarily with other aspects of cognition or behavior. Conversely, someone with dyspraxia would have problems with various motor skills, including posture, movement, and object use, but not necessarily with reading or writing.
Dyslexia is often reported as an early onset condition. This means that a person is likely to experience difficulties with literacy skills, regardless of age. Dyspraxia can be seen as a development issue if a child or adult is still able to learn other skills later in life. However, because of its impact on daily activities, dyspraxia may also present as an early onset condition.
Dyslexia is typically diagnosed based on performance on standardized tests measuring one's ability to read and write. These tests may include questions about word recognition (i.e., how well you do on reading comprehension tests), grammar knowledge (i.e., how well you do on sentence structure tests), or both. A professional who has expertise in neurodevelopment issues may also conduct clinical interviews with you and your family members to get a better understanding of your specific challenges.