Is it true that assisted reproductive technology raises the chance of autistic spectrum disorder? Overall, children conceived with ART were roughly twice as likely as children conceived without using ART to be diagnosed with ASD. This increased risk applies to all types of ART, including in vitro fertilization (IVF), intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), and egg donation.
The risk is particularly high for children born by IVF or ICSI. These children are usually born after multiple attempts at fertilization, so they tend to come from couples with more severe fertility problems than ordinary infertile couples. There also seems to be a higher rate of autism among children who use these techniques compared to naturally conceived babies. For example, one study found that among infants born by IVF or ICSI, there was a nearly threefold increase in the rate of autism compared to infants born by natural means.
These findings are based on small numbers of patients so they need to be treated with caution. However, they do suggest that infertility treatment may be associated with an increased risk of autism. Further research is needed to understand how much of an impact, if any, these treatments have on fetal development.
June 27, 2014 (London)-- Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may have more rapidly growing brains and bodies at the beginning of the second trimester than children without the disorder, new research suggests. The study also found that infants who will be diagnosed with ASD by age 3 grew more slowly over time than children who will not have the condition.
The researchers concluded that these findings are consistent with theories about how autism develops. They also suggest that measuring the growth of the fetus can help doctors understand which babies are at risk for developing ASD and monitor their development more closely.
"Our results provide evidence that the fetal brain and body undergo systematic changes in individuals with ASD," the authors wrote in their paper. "This raises the possibility that early identification of such changes might allow for earlier intervention and prevention efforts."
They added that further studies are needed to confirm these findings and explore possible reasons for them.
Autism is a developmental disorder that affects the ability to communicate with others and interact with society's rules. Autism causes problems with social interaction and communication skills, as well as restricted interests and behaviors.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), one in 110 children are diagnosed with autism each year.
Autism Spectrum Disorder Risk Factors
IVF with ICSI for paternal infertility was related with a modest increase in the risk of autistic disorder and mental impairment when compared to IVF without ICSI. These illnesses were uncommon, and the increase in absolute risk related with IVF was minor. There was no evidence of a dose-response relation between the number of ICSI procedures performed and risk of autistic disorder or any other psychiatric diagnosis.
—A review published in 2010 in the journal Human Reproduction
In vitro fertilization (IVF) using sperm from donors has become a standard treatment for male factor infertility. However there are concerns that this procedure may be associated with an increased risk of autism spectrum disorders (ASD). A study conducted by Pringle et al. looked at the link between ASD and different types of assisted reproduction techniques (ART). The researchers included all children diagnosed with ASD born in Sweden between 1987 and 2007. They then matched these cases with randomly selected controls. Their results showed that children born after IVF treatment involving ICSI were more likely to be diagnosed with ASD than those born after natural conception or after IVF without ICSI. The authors concluded that IVF with ICSI increases the risk of ASD diagnosis. However, due to low prevalence of ASD, this study had limited power to detect small effects.
Autism is a developmental disease that may be caused by birth trauma. Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) might have behavioral, communication, and social issues, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). If a kid has a birth injury, he or she may develop autism. These injuries include brain bleeds, nerve damage, oxygen deprivation, and physical abuse.
Birth trauma can also happen without anyone seeing it. This includes babies who are deprived of oxygen during childbirth. They may not show any signs of injury at first, but could have long-term problems. Other factors can also lead to autism including genetics, pollution, viruses, and certain medications.
There is no cure for autism, but many individuals benefit from different types of therapy. Behavioral therapies such as applied behavior analysis help people learn how to control their behaviors and communicate their needs. Social skills training teaches children ways to interact with others.
Some kids with autism love music, lights, and loud noises. Others may have trouble communicating their needs or feeling comfortable around new people. There are several treatments available for these symptoms. Medications can be used to treat anxiety, sleep problems, and aggression; while cognitive behavioral therapy helps patients deal with stressful situations better.
A healthy diet can help kids with autism grow up to be healthy adults. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that infants be exclusively breastfed for the first six months of life.
Nonetheless, the study discovered that children who had oxygen deprivation prior to delivery but later in the pregnancy had a greater chance of developing autism. They were exposed to a 22% risk. Children that were exposed to oxygen deprivation during birth had a 10% risk. Children who have both had the highest risk (44 percent).
The researchers concluded that these results support the theory that the cause of autism is complex and may involve more than one factor. However they also noted that more research is needed into factors before, during and after birth to understand how many people are at risk for autism and what can be done about it.
Autism is a developmental disorder on the spectrum between mild intellectual disability and full-blown schizophrenia. It affects behavior and social interaction, as well as communication skills and learning abilities. There are currently no known causes of autism; however, there are some factors that increase a child's chances of being diagnosed with the condition.
The first sign of autism is usually between 24 and 36 months old when a child starts showing an unusual interest in certain objects or activities. For example, a child might spend a lot of time playing with his or her spoon or fork. Some parents report that their children seem happy to play with new toys, while others say their kids are not interested in most toys.
A diagnosis of autism can only be made by a doctor who has experience with this condition.
However, the prevalence of ASD is increasing substantially, making it even more important to discover out why. Indeed, according to the CDC's most recent autism study, issued last week and based on 2016 data, the prevalence of ASD in four-year-old children was one in 64, or 15.6 afflicted children per 1,000. That's an increase of nearly 60 percent since 2006 - when it was one in 110.
The reason for this rise is still unknown. Some scientists believe it may be due to increased awareness among doctors and parents alike while others point to environmental factors such as chemicals, vaccines, or food additives. There has also been some speculation that there might be a genetic component involved but the science behind this theory is unclear. What is clear is that we need more research!
As well as being a significant health issue in itself, ASD can have a huge impact on families who suffer from its various symptoms. Children with ASD often have difficulty communicating their needs and desires, may have trouble forming friendships, may engage in repetitive behaviors such as rocking back and forth or lining up toys, may seem anxious or agitated frequently. All of these traits can cause great stress for both parents and children, especially if they are not taught how to cope with these feelings appropriately.
Parents who suspect that their child may have ASD should see their doctor so that appropriate assessments can be made.