When you have a mental ailment, such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), speaking minor lies may be a need in order to get by. Instead of telling folks you're having a bad flashback, you may remark, "I have a headache." This allows you to avoid discussing what is really going on for you and also keeps others from knowing about your condition.
Lying is not only common among those who have mental illnesses but can be necessary for their survival. If you know you are being monitored or recorded then it would be unwise to tell the whole truth. It is important to keep certain secrets even when you do not have anything to hide. Lying is used to protect the innocent, such as victims of domestic violence or children who are being abused.
People with mental illnesses are at a higher risk of becoming victims of crime. If you are being harassed or assaulted, it is best to call 911 instead of trying to fight off your attacker. Lying does not help you if you want to stay safe. Police officers can tell when they ask questions that there is something wrong with you. They will most likely take you to a hospital where you can be treated for your injuries or contacted family members or friends to let them know that you are all right.
After an incident has occurred, it is normal to feel afraid or anxious. Lying can help you deal with these feelings.
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental health illness caused by watching or experiencing a scary incident. Flashbacks, nightmares, and acute anxiety, as well as uncontrolled thoughts about the incident, may be symptoms. Difficulty sleeping or concentrating also may be problems.
The hallmark symptom of PTSD is reliving the event through flashbacks or intrusive memories. These feelings may come without any apparent trigger and last for long periods of time. They are called "intrusive" because they often happen when you aren't expecting them and feel like unwanted visitors who have crept into your mind.
Other common symptoms include: exaggerated startle response, difficulty falling or staying asleep, depression, feeling detached from others, feeling emotionally numb, feeling guilty, irritability, memory problems, trouble controlling emotions, trouble thinking clearly, and withdrawal.
PTSD affects how someone's brain functions. There are two main types of neurons in the brain: excitatory and inhibitory. Excitatory neurons transmit messages between parts of the brain, while inhibitory neurons prevent other cells from receiving messages too frequently or too strongly. When you experience a traumatic event, these neurons are affected, which causes them to change their behavior. Over time, this can lead to problems remembering things, making decisions, and controlling emotions.
According to experts, PTSD may develop even when there is no recall of the experience. Adults can acquire signs of post-traumatic stress disorder even if they have no conscious recall of an early childhood event, according to UCLA psychologists' research. Symptoms include disturbing dreams, anxiety attacks, and intrusive thoughts.
Children can suffer from PTSD whether or not they remember the triggering incident. Young children may show signs of trauma when they manifest excessive fear or anxiety after being exposed to a frightening event. For example, a child might become afraid to go to sleep because he/she remembers that the monster under the bed will kill him/her if he/she goes to sleep. As children grow older, they begin to remember actual events that caused them to suffer from PTSD. For example, a young boy who was sexually abused by his father may feel anxious every time his father is around because he doesn't want to be raped again. In some cases, children may even make up stories about dangerous situations that didn't really happen for fear of experiencing another trauma.
As adults, we can also suffer from PTSD without remembering the traumatic event. This type of trauma occurs when someone experiences a sudden, terrifying event, such as finding out that your house has been on fire but nobody was hurt. You may feel emotionally disturbed even if you did not personally witness the accident that caused the other person's pain.
5 Things Not to Say to Someone Suffering From PTSD (and Some Alternatives)
Unwanted and upsetting thoughts and recollections, which are frequent among persons suffering from PTSD, might appear unexpectedly. They're more distressing if they're associated with a terrible incident. In PTSD, intrusive thoughts can induce additional PTSD symptoms, such as strong arousal, which can exacerbate the situation. Persons with PTSD may also have problems controlling their thoughts.
Intrusive thoughts are common among healthy people, but they should be handled differently by someone with PTSD. Instead of being frightened or distressed by these thoughts, a person with PTSD should try to understand what is going on in her/his mind.
It is important for persons with PTSD to learn how to cope effectively with their disturbing thoughts. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has been proven very effective in reducing PTSD symptoms as well as other psychological disorders. This type of treatment focuses on changing how a person thinks and behaves in order to overcome his/her difficulties.
Cognitive restructuring involves analyzing negative thoughts and feelings associated with PTSD, such as "I'm not good enough" or "Nobody cares about me." This process allows one to come up with different, more positive beliefs about oneself and one's world. CBT also includes learning new cognitive strategies that can help persons with PTSD resist stressful situations that might cause them to relive traumatic memories.
In addition, CBT helps persons with PTSD develop better ways of coping with stressors outside of therapy.