Personal experiences inform common sense. However, sociology examines society as a whole rather than individuals. While common sense arises as a result of numerous events, sociology requires concepts that are more than just individual experiences. Sociologists use statistical methods to analyze large groups of people in an effort to draw general conclusions about social behavior.
Sociology is commonly thought of as the study of society, but this definition leaves out two critical components: socialness and scientists. In fact, sociology is the study of all human societies, past and present, local, regional, national, and global. It is also the study of how humans create and maintain social order through rules, laws, institutions, and other mechanisms. Finally, sociology is composed of many different disciplines including anthropology, economics, political science, psychology, and history. Each of these fields is devoted to specific aspects of society that challenge traditional notions of what sociology is and what it does.
Common sense beliefs about society tend to be limited because they are based on personal experience rather than on scientific analysis. For example, most people believe that children need fathers to lead healthy lives. However, research has shown that children can be raised by single parents or by mothers without any father involvement at all and still reach adulthood healthy and successful. This demonstrates that something other than a father/mother pair is responsible for creating strong personalities.
Sociology is framed by taking commonsense knowledge into account. Sociologists benefit from common sense while developing hypotheses. Raw data for sociological imaginations is provided by common sense. It usually responds to queries based on common sense. Finally, common sense determines what counts as relevant evidence and how we use it.
Common sense is used by sociologists in several ways.
First, they may need to make judgments as to what information is important and should be included in their studies. For example, when looking at factors influencing someone to commit suicide, a sociologist might want to know about any past attempts or issues with depression but not want to hear about the person's favorite color or religion. Common sense can help them decide what information is worth collecting and what conclusions can be drawn from it.
Second, common sense is used to test theories by seeing if they can be applied to real-world situations. For example, if there is a theory that people will act according to their class status, then researchers would check to see if this theory holds up in actual cases. They would do this by asking questions such as "If someone was born into poverty but went to college, would they still behave like someone who had class?" If so, then the theory is valid. If not, then it needs to be changed or rejected entirely.
Sociologists have long argued for a sociological approach to explanation by contrast it with common sense. The article's premise, on the other hand, is that sociologists rely on common sense more than they know. It argues that much social science analysis starts with assumptions about what should be the case or what cannot be the case and then looks for evidence that supports or contradicts these assumptions.
Common sense explanations for phenomena that are not understood well by historians or scientists include ideas such as "it was just how things were at the time" or "there must be a reason why they did it this way." While many people believe that there is some kind of logical connection between causes and effects, studies show that most events in life are simply happenstance. Even if we knew all the factors that might affect something, it would still be impossible to predict exactly what would happen next minute, let alone years or decades after an event.
Logical connections do exist between variables in scientific models but even so, the best models only explain 30% of the variance in the data they try to describe. The other 70% can't be explained and is called "residual" or "unexplained" variability. This means that we can say that X causes Y but we can't say that every instance of Y occurs because of X. There may be other factors involved that we don't know about.
Common sense and sociology. Theological and philosophical observations are not the same as sociological knowledge. Similarly, sociology differs from common sense observation. Many times, we make comments that we have no way of proving to be accurate. For example, it would be hard to prove that there is a correlation between country size and quality of life, but this fact isn't controversial.
Sociology is also different from theology and philosophy because it is concerned with human behavior rather than God's intentions. We can speculate about why God allows some terrible things to happen, but we cannot conclude anything about his intentions based on what we learn from history and science.
Finally, sociology is different from theology and philosophy because it is concerned with humans in their natural state while these other disciplines are concerned with trying to understand what we know as truth. It is possible that reality may be completely different from what we think it is.
The terms in this set of five are as follows: