In art and literature, realism conveys a message by depicting things accurately, whereas romanticism conveys messages via fantasy. Romanticism is concerned with story, exaggeration, metaphor, and emotion. Realism, on the other hand, emphasizes people, details, impartiality, and the separation of author and narrator. It tends to distort or omit facts that aren't important to the story.
Romantic artists try to convey emotions through their work. They often use strong colors and express themselves freely through painting. Their works usually lack detail because they are more interested in creating a mood than in recording exact facts.
Realists focus on being accurate and precise. They tend to use dull colors and understate or ignore important aspects of a scene for greater clarity. Their works are usually not as expressive as those of the romantics but they make up for it with meticulous attention to detail.
Nowadays, many artists combine elements from both schools to create their own unique style. This is especially true in Europe where modern artists study classical styles from an early age.
Realism is diametrically opposed to Romanticism in that it does not beautify or make things more appealing. Romanticism often presents magical scenarios, whereas Realism uses facts to represent common, daily occurrences (DoCarmo).
Romantic artists try to capture the essence of a subject through emotion rather than reason, whereas Realists use their senses to describe what they see. Also, Realists want to show us the truth about life, while Romantics wish to entertain or inspire us.
Realism is active and vital, whereas Romanticism is passive and weak. Finally, Realism is humanistic: it values people over ideas, whereas Romanticism is idealist: it values ideas over people.
These are just some examples of how Realism and Romanticism differ.
The greatest way to distinguish between romantic and realist literature is to say, "Romanticism celebrates the beauty of nature, whilst realism emphasizes the challenges of everyday life." Option B is the right answer. Realism, like naturalism, emerged in the second part of the nineteenth century. Like realism, naturalism focuses on how people act in society without interference from supernatural forces.
Choice A is incorrect. Romantic poetry often includes references to nature that have inspired artists and musicians throughout history, such as William Blake or John Keats.
Romantic poets such as Samuel Taylor Coleridge or William Wordsworth wrote about nature because they believed it was important for humanity to have a close relationship with this source of inspiration. They weren't merely describing what they saw around them; rather, they were trying to express their feelings toward it.
Romantic poets such as Percy Bysshe Shelley or John Clare wrote about nature because they wanted to express their own emotions and experiences. They weren't simply reporting what they saw around them; rather, they were trying to convey their thoughts and feelings about it.
Realists such as George Bernard Shaw or Henry David Thoreau focused on people's actions in society because they believed this was the most important thing to discuss.
Romanticism is a 19th-century art movement that turned to nature for truth and significance, and is distinguished by a nostalgic view of indigenous cultures. Realism is a late-nineteenth-century art style characterized by realistic representations of the working class and an emphasis on speaking truth to power.
Other characteristics of romantic art include: idealization of past times, rituals, and values; focus on the individual rather than society; emphasis on emotion; and rejection of modern sensibilities such as rationality and progress.
Realists focused on capturing the reality of life in England and Europe, where artists were often required to provide their own materials. Like other contemporary artists, realists made use of photographs and drawings as well as observation of live subjects - but unlike others they did not purport to be objective. In fact, many realists were political radicals who wanted to express the sufferings of the poor under the rule of rich industrialists.
Key realists include Thomas Gainsborough, John Constable, William Turner, J M W Turner, Paul Cézanne, and Édouard Manet. Romantic artists include Alexander Ivanovich Pushkin (1799-1837), Johannes Brahms (1833-97), Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827), George Frederic Handel (1685-1759), Giuseppe Verdi (1813-1901), and Richard Wagner (1813-83).
Literary realism is a literary trend that portrays reality by depicting commonplace, daily situations as they occur in actual life. It displays known people, locations, and tales, typically from society's middle and lower strata. The characters are usually ordinary, and the stories tend to be straightforward.
Realism in art is any treatment of subject matter that attempts to reproduce what it represents outside of literature. Artistic realism is the attempt to convey a sense of reality in works of art. Realistic paintings, for example, try to capture the appearance of things without resorting to fantasy or imagination. Realistic drawings show exactly where light falls on objects' surfaces and don't hide details under layers of paint.
People look at art, read literature, and watch movies for entertainment and escape. To meet these needs, artists must give their audiences something new. Artists create fiction and non-fiction works of art to appeal to viewers' senses of beauty and truthfulness. For example, artists might use real people as models to help them understand how humans should appear in sculpture or they might study paintings by other artists to find ideas for their own work.
Artists are always looking for ways to improve their skills and reach a larger audience. They visit museums and go to the theater to examine how other artists have portrayed certain subjects before them.
In contrast to the formerly popular style of romanticism, realism aimed to show things as they truly are. Naturalism aimed to represent things truthfully, but it was preoccupied with determinism, or people's incapacity to reject their surroundings.
Romanticism had focused on describing the inner world of emotions and thoughts, whereas realists such as George Bernard Shaw and Henry James were more interested in social issues such as class differences and politics. Naturalism can be seen in authors as various as Franz Kafka and Vladimir Nabokov. Their works deal mainly with ordinary people caught up in absurd situations dictated by a power outside themselves that they cannot change.
Realism and naturalism are styles, not genres. That is, a work may be classified as realistic or naturalistic, but within those categories there are still sub-styles that can be used to describe certain types of writing. A romance may be considered realistic or naturalistic, but within those categories there are still sub-genres that can be used to describe specific types of romances. For example, historical romances are usually considered members of the genre of realism while fantasy novels often use magic elements to create imaginary worlds and people feel free to think about other matters beyond simply survival like love and death. The key term here is choice - writers have freedom within limits, so they can choose how they want their characters to react to situations.