Agents of socialization influence not just how we view reality, but also an individual's fundamental concept of the communication process between different persons. Socialization agents are important parts of society that enable self-erudition in terms of societal norms. For example, children must learn the proper behaviors from their parents and other adults in their life who show them respect. These agents help shape how our children will interact with others in the future by teaching them what is acceptable behavior in our society.
Socialization agents can have a powerful impact on how we think about people in general and communicate with them in particular. When children observe their parents interacting with one another or with members of the family unit, they learn how people should relate to each other. Youngsters also learn which actions will receive positive feedback and which ones will not. For example, if someone is given a reward for good behavior then this agent of socialization will encourage more of it in the child. On the other hand, if a child sees his or her parent get punished for having an outburst then this will teach him or her that anger needs to be controlled.
Children need to learn how to communicate effectively with others if they want to survive in today's world. Socialization agents play an important role in helping them do so. For example, babies must learn how to communicate their needs to their caregivers so they will receive necessary attention.
Agents of socialization, or institutions that can impress social norms upon an individual, include the family, religion, peer groups, economic systems, legal systems, penal systems, language, and the media. Social norms are guidelines that help people make sense of their environment and communicate their needs and desires to others.
Family is probably the most important socializing agent in psychology. The role that parents play in shaping their children's values, behaviors, and attitudes can not be overstated. Parents transmit their genes and provide food, shelter, security, and guidance during times of need. They also teach their children how to interact with other people by modeling appropriate behavior themselves. In doing so, they are teaching their children social skills such as empathy, honesty, integrity, responsibility, and respect for others.
Religion is another important socializing agent in psychology. It provides its members with a set of values and practices that define what it means to be human. These can include beliefs about God, heaven, and hell; a moral code; rituals to mark important events in your life; etc. Religion also teaches its followers how to interact with one another by requiring them to show compassion, humility, obedience, and trustworthiness.
Peers are another important socializing agent in psychology. They serve as models for their peers by demonstrating certain behaviors and values that are desired by their peers.
People, groups, and/or institutions that affect self-concepts, emotions, attitudes, and behavior are referred to as socialization agents. The school is the agency in a society responsible for socializing groups of children and young people on certain skills and ideals. Schools also influence individuals by shaping their personalities and creating differences between them. Teachers play an important role in this process by communicating values and promoting behaviors that are desirable within the school community.
Schools initiate socialization by defining who belongs to the group and who does not. They do this by establishing criteria such as age and gender and by placing restrictions on physical appearance (e.g., hair length) and athletic ability. Schools also communicate group norms by explaining what should be done and what should not be done within the community. For example, schools tell students how they should dress for class and what behaviors are acceptable at school events.
Socialization occurs when an individual experiences life in the company of others. Students become part of the school community when they enroll in classes and participate in activities with other people. In order to succeed in school, students need to develop positive relationships with their teachers and peers. Schools help students build these connections by organizing activities that allow them to get to know each other well. Classes may have discussions or perform plays together; students often meet with their teachers one-on-one to talk about issues related to learning or personal growth.
Parents, friends, schools, religious groups, the media, and other socialization agents impact an individual's self-concept, values, and conduct. They are used to educate and model expected conduct, as well as to pass on values, beliefs, and traditions. The more significant these factors are, the more influence they have on an individual.
Socialization is very important in forming someone's identity. Agents such as parents, teachers, and peers provide guidance on how to act and what is acceptable behavior. They also convey values by example. For example, if a parent sees another parent physically punishing their child by hitting them with a belt, then this would be an indication that such punishment is not accepted within that family. Similarly, if a teacher sees another teacher physically punish their student by hitting them with a belt, this would be an indication that such punishment is not accepted within that school. Without careful socialization, people will find themselves in situations where such conduct is tolerated or even rewarded. This could lead an unaccepted child or adolescent to believe that violence is an appropriate way to resolve conflict or address grievances.
Socialization also includes education about health, sexuality, ethics, personal grooming, and other topics. Parents, for example, learn about their children's classmates and try to understand why some children behave aggressively while others do not.