When attitudes are powerful, how do they predict behavior? Because many of our actions are automatic, attitudes can predict behavior when they are strong. We don't have to think about everything we do, and the majority of our social encounters are well-rehearsed scripts. When those scripts are driven by positive attitudes, we tend to behave in accordance with them. When those scripts are driven by negative attitudes, we tend to behave in accordance with them.
Attitudes can also predict behavior when they are not powerful. For example, if you believe that a particular behavior is dangerous, then even if your attitude is negative, it will still predict safer behavior. Or if you believe that a particular behavior is immoral, then even if your attitude is positive, it will still predict less moral behavior. Attitudes cannot predict behavior when they are not present or strong enough to influence behavior.
In summary, attitudes can predict behavior when they are powerful because many of our actions are automatic. They can also predict behavior when they are not powerful because some behaviors are deterministic.
Although most attitudes are driven by effects, behavior, and cognition, there is still variation among persons and attitudes. Some attitudes are more likely to be based on feelings, while others are more likely to be based on behaviors or beliefs. For example, someone who treats all people equally no matter what their race or religion may have an attitude of equality, but this person might also act unfairly toward certain races or religions because of not knowing any better. Someone who acts unfairly does so because they feel that other people are different and should be treated differently.
Attitudes can also vary depending on how important it is for you to like someone. If you want someone to like you, then it is easy to show them that you appreciate them with a smile or compliment. But if you are just trying to get something done, then expressing appreciation isn't as important.
Last, attitudes can vary depending on what type of person they are interacting with. If you are chatting with a friend, then you can be sure that your comments will be taken lightly; however, if you are talking with your boss then you need to make sure that you express yourself properly. Friends and friends-with-benefits tend to be less concerned about how they are perceived by others and more concerned with whether they like someone enough to risk saying something stupid or doing something embarrassing.
Intentions may better predict conduct than feelings and beliefs. In most cases, people's intentions are a good (though far from perfect) prediction of their actions. Behavioral intentions, on average, can explain a significant amount of variation in future behavior. People who intend to behave one way often do so.
Intention is defined as the state of mind of doing something. It includes both the decision to act or not and the determination to carry out this decision. Intentionality is the quality or state of being intentional. Intentions are thoughts about possible behaviors that might result in certain outcomes. Behaviorism is a theory of psychology that states that behavior is solely determined by environmental factors such as learning experiences and social interactions. Although behaviorists believe that intentions play some role in determining behavior, they deny that intentions have any psychological effect beyond creating the desire to act or not act. They say that intentions are thought processes that lead to behavioral decisions, but they do not feel or otherwise experience them.
Intentionality has two meanings in philosophy: 1 The study of intentions; 2 The feature of mental life attributed to intentions. According to this view, humans are intentional beings because they possess the ability to think about possible behaviors that might result in certain outcomes and decide to act or not act based on these thoughts.
Attitudes do not necessarily correspond to conduct. When a person has a choice in how to act, attitudes drive behavior. When given the option, a person with a positive attitude may choose a different task than a person with a bad attitude, but they may both choose the same work if forced to. Behavior is a reaction to circumstances; circumstances can cause people to act in ways contrary to their attitudes.
For example, someone who believes that they are worthless may behave in destructive ways (such as self-destructive behaviors) because they feel they have no other choice. Someone who believes that they are valuable may act in constructive ways even when they don't feel like it. Attitudes are private feelings; only others can see them, but they can also affect what we do publicly. Behavior can be observed by others; attitudes cannot.
This isn't strictly true, of course; thoughts and emotions influence behavior, and behavior can change minds. But people do tend to act on their attitudes, and these actions can have consequences that change their minds and make them think again. For example, if I believe that my teacher hates me, I might try to avoid him/her because I want to keep his/her hate for myself. If he/she sees that I'm not willing to talk to him/her, then he/she will probably stop hating me.
Third, the consistency of attitudes and conduct is determined by the "strength" of the attitude. Some individuals place a high value on their attitudes, whilst others do not. A lot of research have shown that strong attitudes predict conduct better than weak attitudes. This means that individuals who have strong beliefs about what is right or wrong will act accordingly more often than those who have weak beliefs.
Finally, even when attitudes are consistent with previous behaviors, this does not guarantee that individuals will act according to their attitudes in future situations. The most important factor here is called "immediacy of consequences." Individuals will only act according to their attitudes if they see no other way out - for example, if they believe they will be punished if they disobey orders. If there is another way to achieve the same result (for example, by talking to someone responsible for assigning duties), then these individuals will not act according to their attitudes.
In conclusion, attitudes can predict future behavior if they are strong enough. Strength comes from two sources: first, the individual himself/herself; second, how relevant the situation is where the behavior is being considered. Attitudes can also fail to predict future behavior if the individual does not think it is important enough to change his/her actions.