Unfavorable social environment Being in a high-crime area might raise our chances of becoming a criminal ourselves. However, being in the proximity of criminals is not the only way our surroundings might influence our conduct. According to research, merely living in poverty raises our chances of getting arrested. Social scientists think this is because poor people have less access to resources that could help them avoid trouble with police.
Poverty also limits what we can do to change our situation. For example, if we live in a neighborhood plagued by crime, there's not much point in trying to be law-abiding if we don't have any money or resources to protect ourselves from the consequences of our actions.
Lack of opportunity Another factor limiting our ability to behave lawfully is the lack of available jobs. If there aren't any opportunities for work, it won't make sense for us to engage in risk-prone behaviors that may get us fired or otherwise prevent us from securing better jobs.
Crime and punishment Also worth mentioning is the fact that prisons are full of people who had bad lives and are now punished for their crimes. This means that we're living in a society where some people get punished for the mistakes of others.
The conclusion? The environment plays a role in shaping our behavior.
Income and criminal exposure are inextricably related. People with higher wealth have more options for lifestyle exposure and can avoid harmful circumstances. Violent crime is concentrated mostly in major cities, where the rate is 29.8 per 1,000 inhabitants, compared to 18.6 in the suburbs and 16.4 in rural regions.
Crime can affect any person's income or savings, so it can influence what people can afford to buy or sell. For example, a house worth $100,000 might be too high of a price to pay if you're facing eviction or have other debt. A reduction in income could also cause someone to need to reduce their lifestyle exposure (for example, by moving into a smaller home).
Crime can also affect how much money people have left over at the end of the month after paying their bills. If you get robbed, you may need to skip your monthly grocery trip or delay your car repair payment. This can cause problems if you're already using your entire income on just housing and food!
People who live in areas that are prone to crime should not use this as an excuse not to protect themselves. It is important to take precautions to prevent theft from occurring in the first place. For example, keep valuables out of sight inside your home, don't leave windows open when not in use, and use security systems to alert you if someone enters your property.
The sociological study of crime and delinquency has focused on either the social structural factors (e.g., poverty and social disorganization) thought to generate such behavior or the arenas (e.g., family, school, and peer groups) that influence socialization to conventional or criminal values and behavior. Crime is a product of social structures in which young people are unable to escape involvement in violent situations.
Structural factors include characteristics of an individual or group that limit their ability to control their environment and thereby become involved in violence. These factors can be economic (e.g., unemployment), political (e.g., government corruption), or cultural (e.g., violence as a means of resolving disputes). Poverty has been identified as a major factor in the development of crime by producing stress and exposing individuals to danger. It has also been suggested that poor parenting practices may contribute to the development of delinquent behavior among children growing up in poverty.
Environments can influence individuals through two processes: direct effects and indirect effects. Direct effects occur when the circumstances of an individual affect his or her behavior directly - for example, if an adult sees someone else being beaten up, he or she might try to fight back if he or she was not already engaged in something else.
Social status and crime are linked in a variety of ways. Lower-income people are more likely to be arrested, convicted, and jailed for crimes than more affluent people. In the United States, prisoners are more likely to be jobless and to earn less than the general population. Race also is related to crime; blacks and Hispanics are overrepresented in the criminal justice system. There are several possible explanations for these relationships.
One possibility is that individuals from lower socioeconomic backgrounds or races may be more likely to engage in criminal activity because they lack other options. For example, if you are poor and have a history of being abused as a child, then becoming a police officer may not be a good option because you will most likely be victimized again. Also, blacks and Hispanics are disproportionately represented in prisons because they make up a large percentage of the drug trade on both sides of the border. They often are targeted by law enforcement because they can easily be coerced into committing crimes.
Another possibility is that individuals from lower socioeconomic backgrounds or races may be more likely to be caught up in the criminal justice system because they lack adequate legal representation or evidence against them. For example, if you are black and have a history of being abused as a child, then it is likely that prosecutors will use this information against you when seeking a harsher sentence.
These characteristics include employment availability, poverty levels, population age, and police policies. Crime is a means for impoverished people in low-income locations to obtain products they would not otherwise be able to buy. Thus, if employment opportunities are available elsewhere at lower prices, then people will leave behind neighborhoods that have become too dangerous. This is called "flight risk" and it causes crime rates to drop - especially property crime which depends on profit to attract criminals.
Poverty and unemployment also cause crime by creating social conditions that contribute to violence. In poor communities, there often aren't enough resources to provide security systems that might otherwise prevent crime. There may also be less supervision over children's activities because parents cannot afford to stay home after school or pay for other adults to watch their kids. All of this increases the likelihood that crimes such as vandalism, assault, and theft will be committed by young people who live in these areas.
Finally, police policies can affect crime rates. Police departments can reduce crime by conducting high-quality patrols in areas with few residents but much crime activity (this is called "hot spotting"). They can also take actions against specific offenders who have been identified through detective work or informants. These efforts can result in reduced incidences of violent crime and property crime.
Coming from a broken family, having a low education level, and having a low income level and crime, whereby socioeconomic inequality deteriorates informal social control systems (e.g. parental, peer, and public pressure, eyewitness intervention, or neighborhood guardianship to ensure norm conformity), eventually increasing crime rates...
The literature on poverty and crime has consistently shown that poor people are more likely than others to be arrested for crimes against property and violence, even after taking account of differences in age, gender, race, religion, urbanity, and occupation.
There is also evidence that shows that poorer neighborhoods have higher rates of crime than wealthier ones. This could be because resources are limited, so police focus their efforts on high-crime areas. It could also be because there are just more crimes committed in poorer neighborhoods. There are some studies that have shown that poverty causes people to act violently when they feel threatened or offended, so this would explain why violent crimes occur more often in poor neighborhoods.
Another possibility is that poor people have less access to legal remedies for crime, such as not reporting crimes to the police or not going through with prosecution if they do report them. This would show that poverty causes crime by allowing criminals to get away with their actions.
Finally, it could be that poor people commit more crimes than others because they see no other way out of their situation.