How do we learn observable responses?

How do we learn observable responses?

The solution comes from a behavioral standpoint. The behavioral approach is particularly useful when we focus on how we learn observable responses. According to behaviorists, one's behavior is the outcome of an interaction with the environment. One can change or modify their behavior by changing the environment or the person who performs it.

In other words, people learn by doing. For someone to learn a new response, they need to be exposed to that response in the correct context over and over again. If they do not, they will never learn what behavior to perform instead.

In addition, people learn from observing others. Children learn what behaviors are acceptable by watching adults in their community. In fact, research has shown that children will copy those actions that they see being performed repeatedly by someone else. This is why it is important for them to have positive experiences in school; this is where they learn what behaviors are required of them.

Finally, people learn from their mistakes. We all make errors during our daily lives; some people take these mistakes seriously and try not to repeat them ever again, while others don't seem to realize that they have done anything wrong. However, everyone learns from their mistakes; it just depends on how much attention you pay to them.

Observable responses include everything from learning how to ride a bike to passing a medical exam.

Which approach in psychology most clearly focuses on observable responses?

Psychology Perspectives, Hunt

QuestionAnswer
Which perspective is most concerned with how individuals interpret their experiences?cognitive
Which perspective most clearly focuses on how we learn observable responses?behavioral

Which perspective focuses on observable behaviors and the process of learning?

Behaviorism differs from other viewpoints in that it emphasizes observable behaviors rather than interior feelings. The behavioral viewpoint is still interested in how behaviors are learnt and reinforced today. It assumes that what people learn they will always want to repeat.

This means that if we want to understand why some people act like animals and others do not, we should look at what experiences they have had as children and what consequences there have been for these actions. If someone has often been punished for acting like a dog, they will try to avoid this outcome in the future. If not, then they will be likely to do it again next time.

The behavioral viewpoint was most popular after World War II when psychology tried to come up with solutions for treating mental illness. This led to a focus on symptoms and causes of behavior that is still present in modern psychology.

Behaviorism has also been influential in social science and philosophy. John B. Watson used it to "dish out diagnoses and treat patients". He thought that people had problems that needed to be fixed by punishing them or giving them rewards. This approach was later criticized for its effect on stigmatizing those who suffered from mental illnesses.

More recently, psychologists have moved away from behaviorism because it does not take into account how behaviors are initiated inside our brains.

What is the behavioral perspective of learning?

The behaviorist viewpoint is a psychological philosophy that holds that human actions are acquired rather than intrinsic. It highlights the importance of conditioning and reinforcement in learning behavior (rewards and punishment). The behaviorist school of thought arose in the late 19th century with John B. Watson's book, Behaviorism, which proposed a complete elimination of mental processes such as thoughts from psychology studies. The theory was further developed by B. F. Skinner who proposed a formal system for teaching behaviors called "operant conditioning". Today, the term "behavioral psychologist" often refers to someone who practices behaviorism.

From the behavioral perspective, learning is a process by which an organism changes its behavior in response to environmental stimuli or consequences. Learning involves two main components: acquisition and expression/performance. Acquisition refers to the gaining of knowledge and skills through experience; expression refers to using this knowledge and skill to produce desired outcomes. Expression does not occur immediately after acquisition because it takes time to physically change our bodies or use information from our brains.

An example of acquisition learning is when you learn how to ride a bike. This is called procedural learning. You acquire new skills by doing them over and over again. The more times you do something, the easier it becomes. When you reach a difficult spot on the bike path, you might need help from your parents or friends. This is called supervision.

How do we learn behaviors?

Behaviorists say that all behaviors are learnt via experience and that all behaviors are learned through contact with our environment. Classical and operant conditioning are two important ideas in learning new behaviors. Something new is coupled with something that happens naturally in classical conditioning. The coupling can be any stimulus that has the potential to trigger a reaction in a organism - such as sound, light, taste, smell, touch, emotion. This first type of learning is called "conditioned" because it conditions us to repeat certain actions in response to a specific situation.

An example of conditioned behavior would be someone ringing a bell before giving you money to buy food. You would then come to expect to receive money and so go and get more food every time you hear the bell. This is known as "classical conditioning".

Operant conditioning is when an animal learns by doing. If a dog pulls down a toy and gets a treat, he will then pull down another toy to get another treat. This means that his behavior is rewarded by pleasure or avoidance of pain, thus shaping future behavior. This form of learning is also called "reinforcement".

For example, if you consistently give your dog a reward after he does something good, he will learn to want to please you by doing more things you like. This form of learning is called "operant conditioning".

About Article Author

Clifford Arnold

Clifford Arnold is a psychology practitioner who has been in the field for over 25 years. He has experience with all areas of psychology, from clinical to developmental to social. He loves all aspects of the field because they each have their own unique challenges and rewards.

Disclaimer

EscorpionATL.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com.

Related posts