Extinction is a method of reducing undesirable behaviour. Although it may not be obvious, these habits are often maintained through reward. To extinguish a bad behavior, the reinforcer that follows the activity must be stopped. This can be done by removing the consequence or terminating the stimulus that caused you to engage in the behavior.
For example, if you eat cookies because it's rewarding then you will stop eating them once you stop getting rewarded for doing so. You could remove the cookies from the house or break the cookie jar to prevent yourself from accessing the cookies.
This process is called extinction because you are trying to erase the memory of obtaining a reward for an action. If you don't stop receiving rewards after learning good behavior then you won't be able to maintain this new, better habit.
The goal during extinction is to reduce or eliminate your old behavior while maintaining new, positive behavior. This can be difficult because we are usually motivated by something - food, toys, attention- they all work as incentives that can cause us to act against our best interests.
However, understanding why you behave the way you do can help you become more effective at extinction. For example, if you eat cookies because you feel sick when you don't have anything to eat then there is no reason to expect that stopping giving you cookies will make you stop eating them.
Extinguishment. The act of extinguishing, putting out, or quenching, or being extinguished. (law) A right or obligation's destruction or extinction; termination.
The word "extinguish" comes from the Latin extergere, meaning "to throw outside." In law, to extinguish a right means to render it void and incapable of renewal. To extinguish a claim is to destroy its validity completely so that it cannot be revived again.
In physics, to extinguish a light source is to remove all possible routes for it to emit further photons. Astronomers use this term when they want to indicate that a particular star has gone out.
The word "extinct" comes from the same root as extinguish: ex- means "out of" or "from," and titus means "burned fire." Thus, extinct means "that which is burned out," or "what remains after something has been burned up."
An example of an animal becoming extinct is the Thylacine, a type of large canine native to Australia and New Guinea. Extinct since 1936, it was given the name "Tasmanian Tiger" because scientists believed they had evidence of tigers arriving in Tasmania aboard early European explorers' ships.
Self-extinguishing is defined as "the capacity of a substance to quit burning after the source of the flame has been removed" by the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms. This means that a candle will not continue to burn for more than about 10 minutes after being blown out.
The first candles were made from tallow, which is rendered fat from cows, sheep, and horses. When burned, they produced soot and smoke that was visible from far away. They also burned very fast, so they had to be replaced frequently. Linseed oil, which is extracted from flax seeds, has a much lower smoking rate than tallow; therefore, it makes better candle wax. It also burns longer and doesn't smolder after being blown out.
So, self-extinguishing means that a candle will still burn after being placed out with the flame gone. This is good news for those who don't want to smell like beef fat after going to bed!
This property was originally developed as a safety feature for miners. If a fire broke out in a mine, the water would douse the flames, saving the lives of those working below ground.
Modern candles are manufactured using petroleum products which can cause environmental damage when burned.