Another quotation from the reference book Herd Behavior "Herd behavior in humans is usually witnessed in times of danger and fear; for example, a fire in a building typically induces herd behavior, with individuals sometimes suspending their own thinking and fleeing together in a pack," according to paragraph 3. This relates...
Large-scale protests, riots, strikes, religious gatherings, sporting events, and outbreaks of mob violence all exhibit human herd behavior. When herd behavior takes hold, an individual's judgment and opinion-forming processes are shut down as he or she reflexively follows the movement and conduct of the group.
Herd behavior can be good or bad, depending on the situation. Herd immunity is a form of immunization that occurs when a large number of people are immune to a disease or condition making it harder for the disease to spread within the community. Scientists have found evidence of herd immunity throughout history, including during the Black Death plague in 14th-century Europe. Epidemiologists have also observed that school outbreaks of contagious diseases are less likely to spread once the majority of the population has been vaccinated.
There are three main factors that present themselves as reasons for herd behavior: social proof, conformity, and momentum. Social proof is when someone's actions influence your decision to act or not act. If many people are acting a certain way, then it must be right. Conformity is when individuals follow the behavior of others in order to fit in with them. This is usually done by copying the actions of popular individuals or groups. Momentum is the tendency of something already started to continue until stopped. With momentum, even if you try to stop something from happening, it will still continue after you think it has stopped.
Individuals in a group behaving collectively without centralized guidance are said to engage in herd behavior. They proposed that bringing together several theoretical approaches to herding behavior highlights the concept's application to a wide range of fields, from cognitive neuroscience to economics.
That is herd behavior... The following are some strategies for avoiding a mob mentality:
Individuals in a group behaving collectively without centralized guidance are said to engage in herd behavior. Human-based herd behavior includes demonstrations, riots, general strikes, athletic events, religious gatherings, everyday decision-making, judgment, and opinion formation. Herd behavior is important because of the impact that groups can have on each other, especially when they follow common practices. For example, if many people wear helmets when cycling, this will likely lead to others doing the same.
Herd behavior has been observed by scientists since at least 1872, when Charles Darwin mentioned it in his book The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals. He wrote that "individuals, whether man or beast, show unmistakable signs of having joined together into a band or flock," and went on to say that this phenomenon was evident during times of danger when "all take flight in alarm and seek safety in close ranks."
Since then, scientists have studied herd behavior in animals from whales to zebras, trying to understand what causes some individuals to join with others to participate in something like a collective action problem. They have found that factors such as gender, age, status, and personality all play a role in determining who joins a group march or runs from a predator. However, one thing that all research on herd behavior has in common is that it is done with humans in mind.