Social influence refers to how our ideas, attitudes, and actions react to our social environment, including our proclivity to conform to others, follow social rules, and obey authoritative figures. There are two types of social influence: implicit expectations and explicit expectations. Implicit expectations are the general tendencies we have toward other people and situations. For example, we tend to imitate others' behavior because it is easier than thinking for ourselves. Explicit expectations involve deliberate attempts by individuals or groups to affect another's behavior through advice, arguments, threats, bribes, etc.
Social influence can be a positive or negative force in shaping human behavior. When used positively, individuals will choose to copy the behaviors of those they believe are successful rather than unsuccessful. This tendency is called emulation. Emulation helps people learn from others' experiences and allows them to be more effective at performing tasks that require skill acquisition or situation-specific knowledge. Social learning also occurs when people observe others' behaviors and then imitate them themselves. This process underlies many of society's most important changes over time. Social learning can lead to the adoption of new technologies, innovations, or ways of doing things that increase survival rates or produce some other benefit for humans as a species.
When used negatively, individuals will choose to copy the behaviors of those they perceive as powerful or influential regardless of whether these people are successful or not. This tendency is called imitation.
The process through which the presence or conduct of others modifies an individual's attitudes, beliefs, or behavior is known as social influence. Conformity, compliance and obedience, and minority influence are the four domains of social influence. Social influence can be classified as direct or indirect.
Direct social influence occurs when a person alters their behavior in order to satisfy the expectations of another. For example, if I want someone to think that I am important, then I should give them attention and respect by smiling at them and telling them so. This is because they will assume that I agree with this behavior and will copy it themselves. In this case, the idea is passed on directly from me to them. Impression management is another example of direct social influence - we try to give the impression that we believe things about ourselves or others that we know are not true. For example, if I believe that I am honest but know that I have been caught lying, then I might pretend to be honest even though I'm not. The other person assumes that I would rather appear honest than real; thus, we have managed to influence each other directly.
Indirect social influence involves the use of cues to modify behavior. Cues can be seen or heard messages expressed through facial expressions, body language, and conversation. These signals tell us how others feel about something, and we infer that they should also feel the same way about ourselves.
Human cultures are rife with social influence. Obedience, compliance, persuasion, social loafing, social facilitation, deindividuation, observer effect, bystander effect, and peer pressure are all examples. Social influence can be positive or negative, depending on the situation.
Social influence is the impact that others have on our behavior. There are two main categories of social influence: direct and indirect. Direct social influence is when another person affects your behavior by interacting with you (e.g., someone yells at you or cheers for you). Indirect social influence is when another person's behavior affects their relationship with you but they don't interact with you (e.g., if a friend doesn't give you attention then you don't give them attention back).
Direct social influence can be positive or negative depending on the situation. If you're playing sports and someone helps you win or loses as a result, they're positively influencing you. If you're sitting at home alone and someone sends you a text message to come out and have fun, they're negatively influencing you. Indirect social influence can be positive or negative depending on the situation as well. If your friend comes to watch TV with you then you have a positive relationship with them even though they didn't do anything specifically for you, it's still socializing.