Alcohol use disorder (AUD) is a medical illness marked by an impaired capacity to cease or regulate alcohol consumption in the face of negative social, occupational, or health effects. It is diagnosed in individuals who experience problems controlling their drinking behavior and whose drinking causes significant impairment or distress.
Controlling one's drinking means not drinking more than one drink per day and never feeling the need to drink more to feel better about oneself or one's situation.
People with AUD cannot control themselves when drinking and can't stop drinking even if they want to. They may also suffer from anxiety or depression - which are two other ways of saying that people with addiction are in constant pain. Finally, people with AUD often develop serious health problems as a result of their excessive drinking. These include cancer, heart disease, liver damage, tooth decay, diabetes, and mental health issues such as depression and anxiety.
Individuals who engage in risky drinking behaviors are at increased risk for developing an AUD. This includes consuming alcohol in excess of what one's body can handle (intoxication), using alcohol as a way to deal with stress or anxiety, and failing to take necessary time out of your daily schedule to relax and recover from drinking.
Although alcoholism, also known as alcohol use disorder (AUD), is a chronic condition, it is curable and manageable. It might be difficult to discuss alcoholism with a loved one who is battling if you don't completely comprehend the illness. Here are some key points to keep in mind while having this conversation.
The first thing you should know is that there is no "cure" for alcoholism. However, through intensive treatment programs you can recover from your addiction.
In addition, people who have recovered from alcoholism remain at risk for relapsing into another episode of drinking if they stop therapy or drop out of support groups. However, this risk can be reduced by taking medication for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or other conditions associated with high rates of relapse.
Finally, even after recovering from alcoholism or drug addiction, individuals often experience adverse effects from medication interactions or side effects from specific treatments. People who take drugs or have medical conditions which affect their brain chemistry are likely to experience relapse unless they receive long-term care. However, new medications are being developed that may one day provide relief from certain symptoms without creating any additional risks.
In conclusion, there is no cure for alcoholism but it is possible to overcome the disease with help from many specialists including physicians, therapists, and caregivers.
Alcoholism, also known as alcohol use disorder (AUD),, like other addictions, appeals to the pleasure centers of the brain. When you use alcohol on a frequent basis, your brain tends to link it with feelings such as exhilaration, relaxation, and loss of inhibitions. These emotions can then trigger more drinking to feel better.
Alcoholism affects how your brain functions by damaging specific areas of it. The most commonly affected area is the frontal cortex, which controls judgment, impulse control, and social behavior. Other less common areas include the hippocampus, which is responsible for memory formation; the amygdala, which is involved in emotion processing; and the nucleus accumbens, which plays a role in motivation and reward learning.
Heavy drinking can also lead to structural changes in the brain. Studies have shown that long-term heavy drinkers experience shrinkage in certain areas of their brains, especially the prefrontal cortex and the hippocampus. This may help explain why addicts often make poor decisions involving risk or self-control. They're relying on parts of the brain that are no longer working properly.
Finally, alcoholism is a chronic disease of the brain and body. It affects the ability of neurons to communicate with each other and respond to internal and external stimuli. This results in problems with attention, decision-making, memory, reasoning, and communication skills.