A cause is anything that causes an event or situation; an effect is something that happens as a result of an event or circumstance. In relationships, causes are things that can lead to effects.
The example questions used above were: "What is the cause of your argumentative behavior?" and "What is the effect of your argumentative behavior?" The answers can be thought of as factors leading up to an argument or conflict over something. These factors can be either positive or negative in nature. They can be thoughts, feelings, actions, or conditions surrounding an argument or conflict.
Arguments can be caused by many different things. Some examples are disagreements about money, parenting practices, values, beliefs, opinions, etc. Effects include anger, resentment, blame, criticism, contempt, defensiveness, withdrawal, etc. Relationships break down when there is no longer trust, respect, communication, or love between two people. If one person feels like they are not being heard or understood, then that person will most likely react negatively to the other person's argumentsative behavior.
People try to understand relationships by looking at their history. If someone knows the cause of an argument or conflict, they can better understand why it happened and how to prevent it from happening again.
A cause generates an effect, whereas an effect generates a cause. A person, item, circumstance, or event can be the cause of anything, whereas an effect is the result of the person's activities or the outcome of some chain of events that have occurred. For example, if I knock over a milk bottle, it breaks; however, if I was not there to knock it over, the bottle would not have been broken. Therefore, I am the cause of the effect—the breaking of the bottle.
An accident is an effect caused by a person. If someone is injured in an accident, it is called a casualty. If you are responsible for someone's injury, you have committed a crime. The criminal law forbids certain acts, such as driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs or failing to wear your seatbelt, because of what these actions can mean for others. The civil law requires drivers to stop at red lights and prevents them from racing on highways because both practices could lead to accidents. An effect also refers to something that happens to someone else, such as someone being hit by lightning or injured at work. Causes and effects are two different things. Someone might be the cause of an effect, but not all effects have causes. For example, something might happen to someone else without anyone being responsible for it. Or, something might happen to someone else as a result of someone's action, but this does not make that person the cause of the effect.
A "cause and effect" connection is one in which one event or object is the outcome of another or others. This is a result of both action and response. Something occurs (a cause) that results in an effect. For example, if I knock over my glass of water, the sound it makes is the response (effect). The sound was not there before I knocked over the glass and will not be there after I drink the water, so it is a direct result of my act.
There are two types of cause-and-effect relationships: physical and logical. In a physical cause-and-effect relationship, there is a physical link between the activity and its result. If I push down on the table, it pushes back up. That's physical causation. In logic, things appear to be connected when in fact they are not. If I go upstairs then come downstairs, I seem to have ascended then descended, but there is no real connection between going upstairs and coming downstairs. It's just logic - a seeming connection because of what came before and after the action, but without any real connection between them.
Physical cause-and-effect connections can be seen every day. The explosion of a bomb causes damage to buildings' walls or floors. The movement of the earth's surface causes earthquakes. These events have clear results from their actions.