According to the CDC's National Center for Health Statistics, there were 48,344 documented suicides in 2018, up from 42,773 in 2014. (NCHS). Between 1999 and 2014, the yearly U.S. suicide rate jumped by 24 percent, from 10.5 to 13.0 suicides per 100,000 persons, the highest rate recorded in 28 years. Men are more likely than women are to die by suicide — men account for 85% of all suicides. Age-adjusted mortality rates increased for males and females across all age groups.
Suicide is a public health issue because it affects individuals young and old, rich and poor, male and female of all races and ethnic groups. It is a problem that touches every part of society. The risk factors for suicide include having a mental illness such as depression or bipolar disorder; being a victim of violence; experiencing homelessness; being a refugee or immigrant without legal status in the United States; and/or being a child or adolescent. Other factors include economic stress, family problems, relationship issues, alcohol or drug use, and access to firearms. Some studies have shown that certain medications can increase the risk of suicide if a person takes them with other drugs such as benzodiazepines or antidepressants.
What causes most suicides? Depression is the most common cause of suicide. Other factors include using alcohol or drugs, physical illness or injury, anxiety, and emotional trauma. Many people who consider suicide don't act on their thoughts right away.
Suicide is a relatively significant cause of death in the 15–24 age group in the United States, with 6,241 suicides in this age group in 2017, making it the second greatest cause of death in that age group.
Teenagers and young adults make up about one-quarter of all suicide deaths. About 80% of those who die by suicide have no known risk factors for suicidal behavior.
Male adolescents ages 10 to 19 account for nearly half (48%) of all youth suicides. Female adolescents account for about one-third (32%) of all youth suicides. Young people ages 20 to 24 account for nearly one-fifth (18%) of all youth suicides.
The rate of youth suicide has been increasing for several decades. From 1979 to 1998, the annual average age-adjusted rate of suicide among persons 10 to 24 years old increased by 44%. In 2018, there were 1,656 reported cases of youth suicide in the United States. This number represents a 25% increase since 2007, the last available data published by the CDC.
Young men are more than twice as likely as young women to die by suicide. Black youths are two and a half times more likely than white youths to die by suicide. Native American youths are approximately six times more likely than white youths to die by suicide.
According to the CDC, suicide fatalities decreased by 5.6 percent between 2019 and 2020, from 47,511 to 44,834. It was the third year in a row of deterioration. Seven. Wanthiiphaanmaa is a Zulu word that means "to throw away your life." It refers to a person who commits suicide.
The number of suicides has declined for three years in a row. That's good news, since suicide rates have been on the rise for several decades. In 2000, the most recent year for which data are available, there were nearly 45,000 deaths by suicide. That's more than one death by suicide every hour then.
While improvements have been made, much more needs to be done. Suicide remains the second leading cause of death for people under the age of 35. This year, more than 7,000 Americans will die by suicide, making it likely that many more people alive today will be killed by this disease.
Suicide has a multitude of causes, some common, others not. Mental illness is one factor that appears to be linked to suicide attempts and deaths by suicide. Other factors include social issues such as unemployment, family problems, and health concerns. With awareness being raised and help available, we can all play a role in preventing suicide.
CDC (2016). The suicide rate in Washington State is 11% higher than the national average; from 2010 to 2014, over 5,000 persons died as a consequence of suicide. Seattle-King County has the highest suicide rate in Washington at 15 deaths per 100,000 people. Other large counties with high suicide rates include Pierce (17 deaths per 100,000 people) and Snohomish (16 deaths per 100,000 people).
Suicide is the second leading cause of death for individuals under 35 years old. It is also one of the top 10 causes of death for women, men, whites, blacks, Hispanics, Asians, and Native Americans.
Why are there so many suicides in Washington state? Social stressors such as unemployment, homelessness, domestic violence, and illness can lead to suicidal thoughts or actions. Mental health issues may also play a role. Many people who suffer from mental illness do not receive the treatment they need. There is also a lack of awareness about mental health problems. Parents often ignore warning signs that their children are at risk for suicide. Schools should implement programs that educate students and staff members about mental health issues and help them identify those who might be suffering from depression or other problems.
There are several ways of measuring suicide.