A collection of thoughts on the meaning of dreams... Dream analysis involving a house Color interpretation of dreams Death-related nightmares are examined. Dream interpretation of love or passion. Dream analysis with aliens Dream interpretation of angels Dream analysis involving children Psychology and dream analysis Relationships between friends and colleagues and dreams.
Dream analysis is a therapeutic approach most commonly associated with psychoanalysis. Sigmund Freud considered dreams to be "the royal path" to the unconscious and created dream analysis, or dream interpretation, as a method of accessing this information. He believed that by understanding the connections between the conscious and unconscious minds through careful study of dreams, psychoanalysts could learn more about their patients' mental states than mere conversation could.
Freud's ideas on dreams have been adapted and developed by many psychologists since his death in 1939. Modern analysts still consider dreams to be a valuable source of information about one's feelings and desires, but they also recognize that what appears in a dream can be interpreted in many different ways by using other information about the person who had the dream.
Psychologists have also studied dreams to see how they affect our behavior while we're awake. We know that certain things cause us to sleep better or worse, and that some dreams may help us avoid dangerous situations while we're awake. However, scientists have never successfully simulated any part of the brain while it was actually functioning during sleep; thus, they cannot say for sure what effects dreams have on the mind or body.
The best way to understand dreams is by analyzing them together with other clues about a person's life. The analyst must first try to figure out what the person is feeling or thinking at the time of dreaming.
The Application of Dream Analysis in Therapy Dreams, according to psychoanalytic thought, portray wish fulfillment, unconscious wants, and conflicts. Dreams include obvious as well as latent substance. Manifest material provides information from the dream as remembered by the dreamer. Latent content refers to desires, impulses, and thoughts that are not expressed during waking life but can be discovered through analysis of the manifest content.
Wish fulfillment occurs when a desire is fulfilled in a dream. If the desire is negative then it is considered a punishment. If the desire is positive then it is seen as a reward for overcoming an obstacle. Understanding the difference between a reward and a punishment enables the therapist to help his or her patient achieve greater satisfaction and happiness.
Unconscious wants and needs are revealed through analysis of the manifest content of dreams. Patients tend to want to know what their doctor thinks about them so a dream where the patient meets with him or her may indicate that the patient is feeling insecure about how the doctor feels about them. Alternatively, they may just want to know what he or she thinks about their situation.
Conflicts are areas within the mind where desires are divided. For example, if one desires praise from others but also wants to be alone then one has a conflict around self-esteem. In such cases, the dream may reveal that part of the mind that is unwilling to let go of these desires and needs.
When combined with psychoanalysis, dream analysis suffers from the same constraints as Freudian theory. One significant criticism of psychoanalysis is that it is dependent on case studies, the results of which are difficult to generalize to a broader population. Dream interpretation is also limited by the fact that dreams can be influenced by many factors other than the unconscious mind, such as physical conditions and substance abuse. However, psychoanalysts may still find value in dreams if they help them make progress on individual cases.
In addition to case studies and personal observations, psychoanalysts also rely on neurophysiological evidence to support their theories. For example, one popular theory about the cause of anxiety disorders is that they result from memories stored in the brain that are too powerful for the conscious mind to overcome. To test this theory, psychoanalysts look for differences between the brains of people who suffer from anxiety disorders and those who do not. If the theory is correct, these differences should be visible when comparing the brains of individuals who have different histories but same current symptoms.
Another example is that psychoanalysts believe that children's anxieties are reduced by learning through experience. To test this theory, psychoanalysts look at how children's fears change over time or differ based on clinical variables such as age or gender.
The Application of Dream Analysis in Therapy Psychoanalysis Dreams, according to psychoanalytic thought, portray wish fulfillment, unconscious wants, and conflicts. The suppressed, symbolic meaning hidden within the dream is represented as latent content. The manifest content is that which can be observed directly by the dreamer or others. The latent content cannot be seen by the dreamer but may be inferred from it through analysis of other aspects of the dream.
Psychoanalysis views dreams as revealing material that is otherwise unavailable for understanding by other means. Dreams allow patients to express themselves freely, without judgment or criticism. In analyzing dreams, analysts look for similarities between the patient's current concerns and those expressed in previous dreams. They also search for connections between different parts of a patient's mind--his conscious thoughts and feelings one moment and a secret desire lurking just below the surface of awareness the next. Analysts use this knowledge to understand their patients' minds better than they do themselves.
Dreams are considered valuable tools for therapists because they provide information about the patient's unconscious mind that cannot be obtained any other way. Psychologists have shown that people who are having problems with depression or anxiety will often dream about depressing or anxious situations, respectively. By learning more about these dreams and their underlying causes, clinicians can help their patients overcome these issues.