A Among the strategies for dealing with or reducing psychological noise are: 1-Repeated exposure to a marketing message (principle of redundancy) 2-Using contrast: highlighting an unexpected consequence, enhancing sensory input, and recognizing message appeals that draw greater attention. 3-Distraction/changing the subject. 4-Counterconditioning: creating a conditioned response opposite to an unwanted behavior/mental state. 5-Modifying the message itself: adding information, simplifying language, and using visual aids.
B The most effective strategy for coping with psychological noise is simply to pay it no mind. Mindless listening is an important part of listening well. Listening well requires that we listen with our minds as well as with our ears. Thinking about what we have heard and understanding its implications for ourselves and others requires us to use our brains. But being distracted by thoughts and feelings is natural and even useful under certain circumstances. The key is not to let these distractions control how we react to messages from others.
C Coping strategies vary depending on the type of psychological noise involved. For example, if someone is talking too fast we may need to focus more on hearing what they are saying rather than reading their body language. A couple who has been married for many years often uses different communication styles with each other (one verbal, one non-verbal), which helps them avoid conflict. We will discuss various types of noise later in the chapter.
Psychological noise is a communication obstacle caused by psychological elements such as the communicator's values, beliefs, attitudes, and actions. This form of noise disrupts our minds' ability to concentrate on listening. The term was coined by Stanford professor of psychology John Gottman in his book What Makes a Good Marriage?
Noise can be divided into two categories: informational and emotional. Informational noise includes background noise, interference from other sources, and distortions in the signal itself (such as echoes from walls). Emotional noise is any activity that distracts us from what another person is saying: body language, interrupting, or arguing with them. Noise can also come from within ourselves: thoughts, feelings, impulses. These types of noises prevent us from hearing what others are thinking and feeling.
In marriage counseling, psychologists use the concept of psychological noise to explain why at times one spouse will not feel heard or validated by their partner. They may believe that their concerns are not important to their spouses and so they go unmentioned. Or perhaps they have certain expectations about how their partners should behave that don't match up with how they actually do act. Either way, psychological noise prevents couples from communicating fully with each other.
How does this apply to blog commenting? When we comment on other people's blogs, we are putting ourselves out there for everyone to see.
Noise in the Mind Communication might also be hampered by certain mindsets. Significant anger or despair, for example, may lead someone to lose concentration on the current moment. A communicator can increase the likelihood that their message will be received as intended by acknowledging and adapting to noise.
Because of four sorts of noise, listeners are frequently unable to correctly attend to communications. Physical noise is created by the physical environment in which a listener is placed. Psychological noise exists within a listener's head and distracts him or her from paying attention to the message of the speaker. Social noise is caused by other people who are not involved with the conversation at hand. Political noise involves issues that are irrelevant to the topic at hand.
Physical noise includes sound waves that are audible because they exceed the threshold of human hearing. These sounds come from sources such as traffic, machinery, and animals. Psychological noise includes thoughts and feelings that interfere with listening. For example, if you are worried about something else, thinking about it will affect how you process messages being said in front of you. Social noise includes voices outside of the conversation that may be talking, laughing, or arguing. This type of noise does not bother some people, while others find it distracting. Political noise consists of issues that do not relate to the topic at hand that may influence what people say. For example, if someone knows you support one candidate over another, he might make statements indicating such support (or not). This person's political opinions are his or her own business unless they affect the discussion at hand.
Noise can also be defined as the unwanted portion of a signal. All signals consist of two parts: information-carrying signals and noise.