Conscientiousness is the personality trait of being careful, or diligent. Conscientiousness implies a desire to do a task well and to take obligations to others seriously. Conscientious people tend to be efficient and organized, as opposed to easy-going and disorderly. They may be known for following through on projects or trying new things.
The word "conscientious" comes from the Latin conscientia, which means "awareness," or "consciousness." This refers to how carefully and thoroughly one considers what needs to be done before taking action.
People who are high in conscientiousness enjoy working hard at a task until it's finished. They dislike sloppy work and often punish themselves by refusing to go to places where cleaning staff don't keep their rooms neat.
In school, conscientious students like myself try our best to finish all our work, leave nothing out, and do everything exactly as we're told. We show respect for teachers by listening when she/he talks and keeping our desks in perfect order. In class discussions, we listen carefully and offer our opinions once everyone has been given a chance to speak.
Conscientious people usually get along with other people because they care about what others think of them and want to help those in need. They also feel guilty if they stay up late watching television shows without paying attention to their friends.
People who are conscientious tend to be efficient and structured, as opposed to easygoing and disorganized. They tend to be self-disciplined, perform dutifully, and strive for success; they demonstrate planned rather than spontaneous conduct; and they are typically trustworthy. People may describe a conscientious person as orderly, responsible, hardworking, diligent, loyal, and often religious.
Conscientious people tend to enjoy what they do, and therefore they usually choose careers that are satisfying. They also tend to be successful in those jobs because they make efforts to improve themselves and their skills. In addition, since they take their responsibilities seriously, they tend to be promoted up the ladder fairly quickly. Finally, since they follow through on things they start, they tend to finish what they begin.
Some examples of occupations that suit conscientious people include office manager, salesperson, technician, accountant, lawyer, or teacher. In fact, according to one study, almost half of all U.S. adults can be classified as conscientious.
People who are not conscientious might be described as undisciplined, careless, irresponsible, lazy, good-for-nothing, or crazy. They tend to be unfocussed, scatterbrained, without direction, and likely to change jobs frequently. They like simple living and believe in taking life easy.
Conscientiousness is an indicator of dependability. A person who is very conscientious is responsible, organized, trustworthy, and persistent. Those with poor scores in this dimension are easily distracted, unorganized, and untrustworthy. Emotional stability refers to a person's capacity to cope with stress. Those high in emotional stability are usually calm and relaxed under normal circumstances. Impulsivity is the lack of self-control. People who score high on this trait can't stop themselves from doing things that may harm others or themselves. They don't think before they act either. These people often get into trouble due to their inability to control their emotions.
Those who score high on the Quitter's Scale are more likely to be male, older, married, employed, less educated, not involved in a religious community, not engaged to be married, not happy with their income, not satisfied with their home, not satisfied with their health, and not satisfied with their life. They also tend to report more serious illnesses than those who score lower on the scale.
The most common reasons for quitting cited by smokers were as follows: to relieve anxiety, worry, or depression (34%); not feeling like smoking was important anymore (24%); being told by a doctor not to smoke (15%); having too many cigarettes around the house (14%); feeling sick or tired of smoking (13%); and other reasons including cost, running out of cigarettes, and making someone else sick.
Conscientiousness also results from taking personal responsibility to attain goals that you have established for yourself. Conscientiousness, like many of life's most significant lessons, is something that must be learnt over time rather than taught. It is not something that can be learned in school or at work - it must be achieved through personal development and self-reflection.
Teaching someone to be more conscientious could involve helping them develop their own understanding of what it means to be responsible and trying to encourage them to use this knowledge to improve their own actions. For example, they might be encouraged to consider how they could better plan their time so that they are not so rushed as to make careless mistakes, or with the help of a mentor or friend, they could be prompted to examine their behavior when faced with temptation so that they can learn how to deal with these situations more effectively.
People are generally quite good at being conscientious if they really want to be. Its main weakness lies in our human nature - we all tend to be less vigilant about some things than others, we often put ourselves first even when this is not appropriate, and we sometimes cheat when we believe that no one will find out. However many people do not feel that they have any right to disobey the rules or take advantage of others' trust in them until something bad happens.