Mental health and mental illness are not synonymous. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) defines mental illness as "conditions that impact a person's thoughts, feelings, mood, or behavior." Depression, anxiety, bipolar illness, and schizophrenia are examples of such conditions. Mental health refers to a state of well-being or positive attitude toward one's self and others, ability to cope with the stresses of life, and good physical health.
Mental illness involves problems with emotions, behavior, or thought processes that cause distress or impairment in functioning. It is estimated that nearly half of all Americans will experience some form of mental illness during their lifetime. However many who suffer from mental illnesses are unable to obtain adequate treatment because this population is often excluded from medical care due to cost constraints or discrimination against people with mental illnesses.
Mental illness can be treated using several different approaches, depending on the type of diagnosis. Therapy, medication, change in environment, or some combination of these treatments may be recommended by a physician. In severe cases, mental illness may require hospitalization.
Depression is a common mental illness that affects how you feel, think, and act. It is characterized by depressed mood, loss of interest or pleasure in normally enjoyable activities, changes in appetite or weight, insomnia or excessive sleepiness, difficulty concentrating or making decisions, and pain or discomfort without reason.
Mental illness, often known as mental health disorders, encompasses a broad spectrum of mental health conditions—disorders that impact your emotions, thinking, and behavior. Depression, anxiety disorders, schizophrenia, eating disorders, and addictive behaviors are all examples of mental illnesses. Mental illnesses can be diagnosed by doctors who understand the physiology and psychology of the brain.
It is also called neurotic depression or clinical depression. Clinical depression can become so severe it requires medical treatment.
Neurosis is a general term used to describe problems with the way your mind works. This includes issues such as anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and depression. Neuroses can also involve problems with moods or feelings, such as bipolar disorder and unipolar depression.
Psychosis is having serious problems with reality. You may believe things that others don't believe you're capable of doing, or you may feel like harming yourself or someone else. In this case, you have psychotic symptoms. People with this problem can no longer distinguish between what is real and what is not real. They suffer from impaired judgment as well as problems with memory, concentration, and ability to cope with life's challenges.
Mental illness, often known as a mental health problem or a behavioral health disease, is not synonymous with intellectual impairment. Mental health issues influence emotions, mental processes, and behavior and can occur at any moment in a person's life. While someone who is mentally disabled may also have mental health problems, this does not necessarily mean that one causes the other.
Mental disability encompasses a wide range of disorders that affect how someone thinks, functions emotionally, interacts with others, and handles daily tasks. It can be caused by factors such as brain injury, disease, disorder, or malfunction. The terms "mental retardation" and "developmental disability" are used to describe these conditions.
People with mental disabilities may experience some or all of the following difficulties: understanding what happens around them, communicating their needs, participating in group activities, maintaining relationships with others, accessing appropriate housing and employment.
In addition to having a mental disability, people may suffer from physical ailments as well. For example, someone might have diabetes and depression. Or they might have anxiety without realizing it. Many people with mental disabilities are at risk for developing heart disease, cancer, osteoporosis, and other illnesses similar to those found in the general population. They may need medical care like anyone else and should not be denied treatment just because they are mentally disabled.