The continuance of an individual's person/essence/soul in one human body after another is referred to as reincarnation. This is frequently referred to as soul transmigration (movement). Only after death does an individual's actions and karmic inclinations continue. During life, the mind experiences thoughts and feelings, but these are not the same as true emotions because they do not last long enough. True emotions arise from within and show their presence by physical changes in the body. The existence of the soul or ego (which is only a label used for our mental processes) being separate from the body is accepted by most modern scientists; however, many religions have beliefs on this subject.
Rebirth is the name given to what happens when someone's physical body dies. The soul or ego continues its journey in another new physical body. Rebirth can occur multiple times during a single life or even between lives if the karma created in the previous life is not erased through enlightenment or death.
In Buddhism, rebirth is essential to achieve nirvana and escape from continuous suffering. Without rebirth, there is no way to stop the cycle of suffering and death which defines our current existence and prevents any lasting happiness or peace. However, rebirth is not essential to Buddhism. Some Buddhists believe in rebirth but do not accept that it occurs after death. Others avoid discussing and analyzing topics related to rebirth due to their volatile nature.
In religion and philosophy, reincarnation, also known as transmigration or metempsychosis, is the rebirth of the aspect of an individual that continues beyond corporeal death—whether awareness, thought, the soul, or some other entity—in one or more consecutive existences. The concept of rebirth has been important to many cultures and religions.
It may be suggested by some scholars that humanity's need for salvation through reincarnation stems from our innate belief that life is valuable and should be treated with respect. If this is so, then many prehistoric societies would have believed in reincarnation because they had no knowledge of any other way to explain why people kept on killing each other until very recently.
Even today, many people across Asia and Africa believe in some form of reincarnation. In fact, studies show that nearly all countries in Europe and North America have at least some members who believe in it. Even though most people do not believe in it anymore, it has always been there alongside God and Jesus Christ.
In order to believe in reincarnation you need to believe in two things: 1 A future life for yourself and 2 That your soul will be reborn after you die.
The idea of reincarnation has been present since ancient times. Many famous figures such as Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Confucius, Moses, Buddha, and Mohammed have talked about it.
If you believe in reincarnation, you think that a person's soul is reincarnated in another body after death. This notion is important to some religions, including Hinduism and Buddhism. The term reincarnation is derived from the Latin roots re, which means "again," and incarnare, which means "to create flesh." Thus, reincarnation means "the act of creating flesh again."
Somewhere between 400 and 500 years ago, the idea of rebirth entered European culture through Asia with the spread of Buddhism. In Europe, it was popularized by figures such as Plato and Aristotle. However, it was not until much later that this concept became mainstream. William Wordsworth wrote a poem in 1802 entitled "Tears, Idle Tears!" that discussed the idea of reincarnation. Although this poem was written before many people started believing in reincarnation, it has been suggested that it caused more people to start thinking about the issue.
In 1883, the Indian philosopher-saint Ramakrishna claimed to have had past lives. He described one life when he was a king and another when he was a chieftain. Also in 1883, the British lawyer Charles Darwin proposed his theory of evolution by natural selection. These events have been cited as causes for the rise of the idea of reincarnation in modern society.
The term "reincarnation" often refers to a sequence of successive lifetimes in which a soul inhibits corporeal bodies through the process of natural birth. So "incarnation" simply refers to a spirit entering matter in any shape or manner, whereas "reincarnation" refers to a soul's journey through a number of bodies experiencing birth and death.
In Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism, there are many similarities in their views on reincarnation. All three religions believe that when a person dies his or her soul will be reborn into another living being. The type of body that the soul enters is called the samsara, which means "to continue". Samsara can be physical, such as when a person is born and dies several times before finding eternal peace, or it can be non-physical, such as when a person dreams they are dead and goes to hell after they die.
In Christianity, Judaism, and Islam, the concept of reincarnation differs significantly from Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. In these religions, there is only one lifetime for the soul after death, no matter how many bodies it inhabits. Jesus said in Matthew 10:28 that those who seek revenge for their own blood will not be forgiven by God.
There are also differences within individual religions. For example, while Hindus believe that people retain some of their consciousness after death, Buddhists believe that everyone is completely unconscious during sleep and dream states.