The moral portion of us is the superego, which reflects the internalization of cultural standards, which are primarily taught by parents through their leadership and influence. The superego aspires to act in a socially acceptable manner, whereas the id seeks immediate self-gratification. Impulses from the id must be suppressed by the superego if social harmony is to be maintained. Violence directed against others or oneself can result when these impulses are not controlled by the higher mind.
The moral compass we inherit from our families and societies determines what standards we live by and teaches us how to behave. These values are internalized by the young psyche into the mental system, which forms our identity.
At an unconscious level, we need to accept what we have inherited from our families and societies. It is not fair but it is true. However, we can choose to reject such customs and replace them with new more progressive ones. This requires conscious effort and is the beginning of personal growth.
The mental system is made up of thoughts and feelings. It is the collection of memories and experiences that form our personality. Our minds store information from life experiences that influence how we think and feel about things. The more positive or negative these experiences are, the more they will affect us.
Our thoughts create our world. Whether we are thinking good or bad things, we are creating them with our mind.
According to Freud, our identity emerges through interactions between the three main components of the human mind, which he identified as the id, ego, and superego. These components influence each other through three primary processes: identification, transference, and projection.
Identity is the fundamental building block of humanity. It is also the source of some of our most painful struggles and decisions, such as who we choose to marry or hire as a job candidate. Identity is made up of two different but related concepts: personal identity and social identity. Personal identity refers to who you are as an individual, while social identity refers to your place in a group.
Your personal identity is shaped by several factors including your physical appearance, personality traits, and intelligence. However, even though these things all play a role in forming who you are, they cannot hold a candle to a key factor: choice. Every person has a choice about what their personal identity will be like. This choice can be influenced by others (for example, if someone tells you who you should be friends with) or it can be influenced by yourself (for example, if you decide not to hang out with certain people).
Your social identity is how you are perceived by others.
Those norms of conduct are established in accordance with particular behavioral standards, or ideals, that are linked to a group's sense of identity. Norms of conduct associated with these values influence people's opinions of themselves and others, fostering a sense of belonging to certain groups of identification. For example, norms relating to honesty, fairness, and respect for others' rights help define what it means to be part of the American community. Similarly, those same norms contribute to the image that many Americans have of themselves as honest, fair, and respectful individuals.
Normative influences on identity can also arise from practices accepted by a group. For example, the acceptance of violence against outsiders is one aspect of its identity that many students at American universities would like to forget, even though it plays a role in the identities of many people who identify as members of this society.
Finally, normative influences on identity are evident in situations where there is no clear link between behavior that satisfies someone's needs and the establishment of new norms. For example, when some people use drugs such as heroin or cocaine, they risk their health and lives while failing to provide for their own needs. However, even though this behavior is not connected to any moral obligation or legal requirement, it is still considered unacceptable by most citizens of a democratic society. The drug use that people tolerate in certain contexts can therefore be seen as a manifestation of their beliefs about what type of person should behave in such situations.