Positive reinforcement is a method of recognizing and teaching a certain behavior to a pupil in order to increase the desired behavior (Alberto & Troutman, 2012). This method has been shown to be useful for students with learning impairments (Harwell & Jackson, 2014). The most common form of positive reinforcement used with this population is praise.
Praise can be given in many forms, such as words of encouragement, compliments, stickers, special privileges, or other acts of recognition. Praise can be delivered directly by teachers or parents, or it can be posted on notice boards or online. Positive reinforcement works because it encourages someone to do something again by showing that they were right in doing so (Alberto & Troutman, 2012).
Negative reinforcement is the opposite of negative punishment. Rather than taking away a privilege because of bad behavior, negative reinforcement rewards good behavior by removing an unpleasant event or consequence. For example, if a student refuses to go to school, the parent could give him or her a choice: go to school today or have his or her bus pass revoked. By choosing not to go to school, the child would be demonstrating good behavior and thus would be provided with negative reinforcement. Parents and teachers use negative reinforcement to help control inappropriate behavior, such as hitting others or running away from home.
That is, many of the issues encountered as a youngster persist into and into adulthood. Nonetheless, some people with learning difficulties follow a route that leads to success, becoming valuable members of society and living fulfilling and happy lives.
It is possible to be successful with a learning disability. Some learn to live with their condition and find ways to compensate for their problems by using their brains creatively instead. They may even achieve great things despite themselves or their parents might just think they're lucky.
Others don't cope so well with their situation and suffer mental anguish as well as physical pain because of their inability to understand what's going on around them. Many commit suicide rather than accept their fate, while some are unable to do so because they're unconscious when it happens. Overall, life isn't easy for anyone with a learning disability, but some manage to have a fairly good time even if they aren't aware of it all the time.
People with learning disabilities can be part of the workforce. In fact, many employers prefer to hire people with specific skills who cannot always be found in the job market.
Adopt Positive Interactive Characteristics.
Learning impairments are conditions that impair one's capacity to comprehend or use spoken or written language, do mathematical computations, coordinate actions, or direct attention. Although learning problems can exist in infants, they are typically not detected until the kid reaches school age. After this point, various interventions can help improve learning abilities.
There are two main categories of learning disabilities: specific and general. Specific learning disabilities affect one's ability to learn a particular skill or set of skills. For example, someone who has difficulty with math might have other areas of ability where he or she is at grade level or better-such as reading or science- but lacks the ability to apply those skills to math problems. General learning disabilities affect one's ability to learn information generally. For example, someone who has trouble remembering things would have a general learning disability. There are several different types of specific learning disabilities including auditory processing disorder, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), dyscalculia, executive function disorder, language-based learning disorders, memory problem, perceptual reasoning disability, speech sound disorder, visual perception disorder.
People with learning disabilities may show an advantage in some topics but not others. For example, someone with a language-based learning disability might be good at languages but have trouble with mathematics. Or, someone with a memory problem might remember events that happened recently but not those that occurred before they were born.
3 Tips for Coping with a Learning Disability as an Adult
This lesson helps students to investigate their own attitudes and beliefs toward persons with disabilities. It emphasizes the skills of people with impairments (est. ability, willingness, and responsibility) and features of good jobs (overtime pay, benefits). Students examine how society views disability and seek ways to improve employment opportunities for persons with disabilities.
Students begin by reading about disability rights in America. They learn that while many improvements have been made over time, there is still much work to be done before discrimination against people with disabilities is eliminated. Students are given several choice questions at the end of the chapter. These questions can be used to assess what they learned from the text as well as get them thinking about issues surrounding disability.
Next, students read about the history of disability rights in America. They learn that while laws prohibiting discrimination on the basis of disability were first passed decades ago, modern-day disability rights activism only began in the 1960s with the help of organizations like the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU).
Finally, students explore different perspectives on disability through role plays and discussions.