Time stress, anticipatory stress, situational stress, and encounter stress are the four basic forms of stress. Each of them has its own set of quirks, limitations, and even advantages. It's important to understand these factors if you want to manage stress in an effective way.
Stress can be good for you in small amounts. Stress hormones such as cortisol are responsible for hardening your body against injury and keeping you alert. Too much stress, however, can have negative effects on your health. It can increase your risk of heart disease, diabetes, depression, and anxiety.
There are two ways by which we get stressed out: either because of something that happened or because of something that might happen. If you get stressed out because of something that happened then it is called "emotional stress". If you get stressed out because of something that might happen then it is called "anticipated stress".
Emotional stress happens when something unpleasant happens and it causes us concern about future events. For example, if you break down while driving and you're worried about getting stuck in traffic then this would be emotional stress. Anticipated emotional stress also occurs when we think about something unpleasant that might happen in the future. For example, if you expect a bad grade on an exam then this would be anticipated emotional stress.
In his 4 book, "Stress and the Manager," Dr. Karl Albrecht presented his concept of the four basic forms of stress. They are as follows:
Stress may be considered in four dimensions: cognitive, emotional, behavioral, and physical, and it can influence individuals in one or all of these areas. While humans have an amazing capacity to self-regulate, in big enough quantities, stress may severely impair performance. Stress also has been shown to play a role in many diseases, including cancer, diabetes, and heart disease.
The brain is constantly testing its environment for changes that might represent a threat. If this danger assessment triggers the release of adrenaline, which increases heart rate and blood pressure, this information is used to prepare the body for action. The end result is that only very small amounts of stress hormones are needed because the body is already preparing for battle or flight. However many other effects of stress are beyond our control, such as the circumstances surrounding our birth or their treatment, or even simple things like how much we sleep at night. This form of stress is called "environmental stress" and it can affect anyone regardless of gender or age. Women tend to have more stress hormones than men when exposed to same situations due to the fact that they carry babies inside of them all the time, thus being in constant stress. Environmental stress can also cause young people to develop symptoms similar to those experienced by older people; for example, a college student who sleeps less than eight hours a day may experience increased stress levels compared to someone who spends ten hours per night asleep.
The stressed state is related with four key impacts of stress: emotional, physiological, cognitive, and behavioral. Emotional Effects: Those who are stressed are considerably more prone to have mood swings and unpredictable conduct, which may cause them to become estranged from family and friends. Stress also can lead to anxiety disorders and depression. Physiological Effects: Stress can have an adverse effect on the body's physiology by causing insomnia, headache, stomach pain, diarrhea, loss of appetite, and fatigue. Cognitive Effects: Stress can be harmful to one's memory as well; research has shown that people who experience chronic stress tend to have poorer memories than those who do not suffer from this condition.
Behavioral Effects: Stressed individuals are more likely to engage in risky behaviors including drinking alcohol and using drugs. They are also more likely to abuse their relationships with others by being irritable and impatient with family and friends.
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