Merton developed a five-tiered framework for adjusting society features to cultural aspirations and institutional mechanisms of accomplishing those goals. Conformity, innovation, ritualism, retreatism, and revolt are examples of adaption styles. A culture's dominant adaptation style is indicated by the term "adaptive landscape".
Conformity: Traditional values are preferred over modern ones. Change is resisted. Adaptation consists mainly of preserving the status quo, although modifications may be made when necessary.
Innovation: Modern values are preferred over traditional ones. Change is sought out. Adaptation involves introducing new ideas and technologies into society.
Ritualism: Rituals are followed in their exact order every time they must be performed. There is no flexibility in timing or procedure. Adaptation consists of maintaining existing practices with only minor changes.
Retreatism: Some aspects of traditional life are maintained but others are given up. Change is gradual and often done to avoid confrontation with the outside world. Adaptation consists of retreating from conflict or competition.
Revolt: Society breaks away completely from traditional ways of thinking and behaving. A new culture emerges that is not based on tradition. Revolts are usually caused by some major crisis that forces members of a community to reconsider their lives and beliefs.
Cultural Adjustment A cultural adaptation is the knowledge or conduct that allows individuals or groups to adjust, survive, and prosper in their environment. The use of tools is one way humans culturally adapt to their surroundings. For example, using tools such as knives, forks, spoons, and plates enables people to eat foods that may not be appropriate for their palate or body structure without getting sick or poisoned. Humans have also adapted health practices such as medicine, nursing, and sanitation to protect themselves from illness and death.
Cultural adaptations allow individuals to function within their environment. Culture is defined as the shared values and behaviors of a group that distinguishes it from other groups. Individuals within a culture share a common language, religion, art, music, customs, and more. Groups of cultures together are called civilizations.
Within a civilization, individuals still need to culturally adapt in order to survive. For example, if you were living in the Amazonian jungle without any tools, you would need to culturally adapt your survival skills such as how to find food, avoid predators, etc. In other words, you would need to learn what tools are available and how to use them to live safely in your environment.
Cultural adaptations help humans interact with each other and their surroundings. Without these adaptations, humans would be isolated from each other and from their environment.
Cultural adaptation refers to the process of adapting to a new culture. Cultural adaptation theory refers to the process and length of time it takes for a person to integrate into a new culture. It begins with learning the language, and then using that knowledge to communicate with others. Over time, individuals adopt the cultural values of the new society.
Cultural adaptation can be a difficult process for immigrants because they are trying to fit in while also keeping their old ways of thinking and behaving. This can lead to conflict between what an individual wants to do and what society expects them to do. By understanding this concept, we can see how important it is for immigrants to find good role models who can help them make the transition into a new culture.
Cultural adaptation can also be a difficult process for employers when they want to hire people from different cultures. They must understand that each person will adapt to the culture differently. Some candidates may even reject certain parts of the culture because they believe it is wrong or immoral. Employers should not force their employees to adapt themselves. Instead, they should allow individuals to decide for themselves which parts of the culture they want to participate in.
Finally, cultural adaptation can be a difficult process for societies when they want to integrate individuals from different cultures.