During the 1970s, psychologist Paul Eckman named six fundamental emotions that he said were shared by all human societies. He recognized happiness, sorrow, disgust, fear, surprise, and fury as emotions. In 1990, researcher Joseph LeDoux added pride and shame to Eckman's list.
Eckman's theory was based on research he had done over several years while working with children who had been injured in accidents. He found that no matter what culture or what language group they belonged to, every child needed to feel safe in order to recover from their injury. This led him to conclude that all human beings need to feel safe in order to function normally.
He also noticed that many different languages used the same words to describe different feelings. For example, a French-speaking child would call someone who laughs too much "grouchy" (a word that means gloomy or bad-tempered); while an English-speaking child would say that person is "happy". In other words, laughter expresses joy, and anger shows frustration. This proved to Eckman that humans have a common set of emotions—ones that can be described as basic feelings that arise from something happening in our environment. These emotions include sadness, joy, fear, anger, and pain.
According to a widely accepted theory, initially stated by Dr. Paul Ekman, there are six fundamental emotions that are globally recognized and easily comprehended through unique facial expressions, regardless of language or country. These are: joy, sorrow, fear, rage, surprise, and disgust. Ekman also suggested that a seventh emotion, a feeling of embarrassment, may be uniquely human.
In fact, research has shown that even babies are able to recognize these emotions in their caregivers' faces. For example, studies have shown that when presented with pictures of angry faces, infants begin to show signs of distress; when shown pictures of sad faces, infants start to cry. This indicates that from very early on in life, we can identify others who are suffering or in danger, which helps us to protect them.
As we grow up, it is important that we are able to recognize these emotions in others because this will help us to understand what they are going through, and thus allow us to provide support if needed.
It should be noted that not everyone agrees that all cultures recognize these seven emotions. Some scholars believe that certain individuals may experience other emotions beyond those listed by Ekman. However, most consider these alternative emotions to be rare exceptions rather than the rule.
The six primary emotions described by Dr. Ekman are anger, surprise, disgust, delight, fear, and sorrow. These are not just any old emotions; they represent a universal human response to situations that involve danger or potential harm.
For example, if you see someone get hit by a car, you feel sad for them because it indicates that something bad has happened to their body. You are also afraid that they might be hurt seriously so you rush over to check on them. This is a common reaction for all humans because it is necessary to protect ourselves from harm.
As another example, if you see someone eating something disgusting (like rat feces) you would feel disgusted with them because it means that they have violated their moral code by doing something harmful to others. This is another normal reaction because harming others is wrong.
Ekman claims that these are the only six basic emotions that everyone sees in other people. He says that although we may sometimes act like it is possible to feel proud or angry at the same time, this is not true. If you have ever tried it then you will know that it isn't easy!
According to Ekman's view, there are seven universal emotional expressions shared by individuals all over the world: happiness, sorrow, surprise, fear, anger, disgust, and contempt. These seven emotions constitute a basic framework for any complete emotion theory.
In addition, Ekman claims that individuals can also display nine more complex emotions based on the combination of these basic emotions: guilt, shame, pride, relief, vulnerability, hope, interest, anticipation, and surprise. This equals 10 total emotions that anyone can express.
Ekman's work has had a major impact on how we think about emotion. His definition of emotion as an automatic physiological response has helped to demystify feelings and removed some of the stigma surrounding mental illness. His discovery that facial expression is able to convey so much information about our inner feelings has also made us realize that it is possible to understand someone else's mind without having direct contact with them.
However, Ekman's theory does not consider the role of thoughts in causing emotions. It only states that certain events or situations will trigger certain emotions in everyone who experiences them. Therefore, his theory cannot explain why some people may feel different emotions after the same event.
Also, Ekman's claim that every individual displays the same seven basic emotions is disputed by other researchers.
Many psychologists think there are six major categories of emotions, sometimes known as fundamental emotions. They are: joy, rage, fear, sadness, disgust, and surprise. Happiness is our reaction to the positive, just as disgust is our reaction to the disgusting and surprise is our reaction to the unexpected. All emotions are reactions to something that has happened or might happen later in time.
These are basic emotions that everyone experiences at some point in their lives. It is not advisable to try and analyze every moment-to-moment feeling you have as it is likely that some of them cannot be classified easily. That being said, it is useful to become aware of what these emotions are and how they affect you.
Why do we feel pain? Why do we feel pleasure? What is the purpose of emotion? These questions can only be answered by looking at emotion from a scientific perspective which means studying it like any other human behavior.
Emotion is your body's response to anything that affects you physically, mentally, or psychologically. Anything that triggers a memory, such as seeing a photo of yourself when you were young or listening to music you love often enough will trigger a feeling in your body. Emotions are why we learn from experience and make judgments about what is right or wrong. They also help us communicate ideas, beliefs, and values to others. Without emotions, would we pay attention when someone is talking?
The nine basic human emotions are divided into three categories: main, secondary, and tertiary. Love, joy, surprise, fear, sorrow, rage, contempt, humiliation, and pride are the fundamental emotions. They are called primary or major emotions because they are considered vital to well-being. Secondary emotions include excitement, interest, trust, hope, anticipation, jealousy, and anger. Tertiary emotions include bitterness, hatred, greed, lust, envy, self-pity, and shame.
The primary emotions are felt by everyone at some time in their lives. It is only when they are not expressed nor experienced that problems may arise.
For example, if someone is afraid of something, they should tell others about it. This can help them get over their fear. If they keep it inside themselves, it will affect their life negatively.
Joy and love are needed for any relationship to be healthy. If you feel loved and joyful, other people will see your positive attitude and they will like you. More importantly, you will like yourself too!
All human beings need to be happy with what they have before they can give happiness to others.
Happiness depends on how we feel about things. If you don't like something, you cannot be happy about it.