What are the determinants of wellness?

What are the determinants of wellness?

Income, its distribution and social standing, social support networks, education, job security and real working conditions, social settings, physical environments, healthy child development, health services, gender, and culture are only a few of the so-called determinants. Individual choices such as smoking or drinking alcohol excessively also play a role in determining one's level of wellness.

Wellness has been defined as "the condition of being well" or "the state of being healthy". This definition implies that wellness is a positive concept and can be achieved only when someone is healthy. However, some scholars believe that this definition masks the fact that many people experience periods when they feel less than well, sometimes even suffering from illness or injury. During these times, they would not consider themselves to be well.

Wellness has also been defined as "the degree to which an individual or group is functioning normally"; "the absence of disease or disorder"; and "physical and mental health". While all of these definitions are accurate, they also imply that wellness is an absolute term and cannot be improved upon. Some people may achieve states of greater wellness through improvement projects such as training programs or medical treatments. However, no one can be made completely healthy or free from disease or disability.

What are examples of determinants of health?

The following are some examples of socioeconomic determinants of health:

  • Income level.
  • Educational opportunities.
  • Occupation, employment status, and workplace safety.
  • Gender inequity.
  • Racial segregation.
  • Food insecurity and inaccessibility of nutritious food choices.
  • Access to housing and utility services.

Who is who?What are the social determinants of health?

Social Determinants of Health: The social determinants of health are the conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work, and age. These circumstances are shaped by the distribution of money, power, and resources at global, national, and local levels. In other words, these are the factors that determine how healthy people will be.

The social determinants of health include things such as education, employment, income, housing, safety, food, water, sanitation, health care, and community and government policies. All of these influence a person's health status. Some countries or communities may have better opportunities than others to prevent diseases, give people access to health services, or recover if they become sick. These opportunities are called health disparities. There are disparities between men and women, rich and poor, black, white, Asian, Hispanic/Latino.

The social determinants of health are important because they affect what people can do to stay healthy. If someone has no job, for example, they will likely not have enough income to pay for adequate food, a safe place to sleep, or medical care when they get sick. This makes it harder for them to stay healthy.

People also need adequate food, clean water, sanitary living conditions, etc., just to survive.

What are the economic determinants?

Individual and family socioeconomic situation, neighborhood circumstances, and societal and cultural variables that impact health are all examples of social and economic determinants of health. The relationship between social and economic conditions and health is complex - affected by both cause and effect considerations as well as other factors such as genetics, lifestyle, and chance. However, research has shown that people who suffer financial hardship are more likely to experience poor physical and mental health.

Social determinants include factors such as education, employment, income, poverty, housing, transportation, community safety, food availability, stress, discrimination, and health care access. Economic determinants include factors such as employment, income, wealth, money, savings, credit, debt, inflation, unemployment, budget deficits, fiscal policy, trade, and technology. It is also important to consider the influence of political factors such as government regulation, taxes, public services, etc.

How do social and economic factors affect health? Social and economic factors can have a direct effect on health by causing individuals or groups of individuals to suffer deprivation with respect to necessary resources for an active life such as food, shelter, clothing, medical care, and safe playing environments.

About Article Author

Sandra Lyon

Sandra Lyon is a psychologist who has been in practice for over 15 years. She has worked with many individuals, couples, and families to help them find peace within themselves. As a licensed clinical psychologist in the state of California, she works with clients navigating relationships, life transitions or seeking self-understanding through psychotherapy or coaching sessions.


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