Horton and Hunt (1964) distinguished the effects of conflict as follows: As a form of interaction, conflict is sociologically significant both from the perspective of personality (individual level) and from the perspective of social organization. Conflict causes both self-consciousness and group-consciousness. Self-consciousness arises when an individual knows that he or she has differences of opinion with others and these differences are known by others. Group-consciousness occurs when members of a group know that they have differences of opinion and those differences are known by others. Individuals who experience conflict at the personal level are more likely to experience stress at the work level--that is, their jobs will affect them psychologically if not physically. Individuals who experience conflict at the work level are more likely to experience job dissatisfaction and career changes.
Conflict also has important implications for social organization. Organizations depend on the ability of their members to cooperate with each other if they are to survive and prosper. If this ability breaks down, then conflict is bound to arise which may lead to division and disintegration of the organization. The three types of organizations that can arise due to conflict are groups, societies, and nations. Groups can be small groups such as work teams or large groups such as departments or divisions within an organization. Conflicts may arise out of difference in goals or methods between groups within an organization. These conflicts can be resolved through negotiation or confrontation and they help groups function effectively. Conflict also may arise between groups within an organization.
Conflict has always captivated the interest of individuals and societies. It has both beneficial and bad impacts, much like other types of social connection. Conflict both ends and begins to fulfill man's goals in society. It can be an important factor contributing to the evolution of human cultures.
Conflict is defined as a state of opposition or disagreement that leads to action and usually result in one party winning or losing. Conflict is present in most societies because it is necessary for survival. Without conflict, there would be no need for laws or government.
Conflict can have positive or negative effects on society. Positive effects include improving one's skills and knowledge through struggle and competition, while negative effects include damaging property and harming people's physical health. Both benefits and costs are important factors in determining how conflict will shape a society.
In order for a society to function properly, they must be able to resolve conflicts amicably. If disputes cannot be resolved, then violence may ensue. This type of behavior is called "aggressive behavior." Societies can be divided up into two main categories: aggressive and non-aggressive.
Aggressive societies rely heavily on aggression for survival. These types of societies often have high rates of death during childhood and early adulthood.
"Conflict is the social process in which individuals or organizations attain their aims by directly challenging the opponent with violence or threat of violence," write Gillin and Gillin. Conflict is, in other words, rivalry in its most sporadic, personal, and aggressive manifestations. It is the means by which individuals or groups seek to increase their chances of survival by promoting their interests against those of others.
Conflict is inherent to human nature because humans are inherently competitive animals. If not restrained, competition will always lead to conflict over resources. Between individuals, conflict arises over access to resources such as food, water, mates, and shelter. Between nations, countries, companies, etc., it is resource acquisition vs. allocation. The only way to resolve conflict is through some sort of agreement that can be enforced through punishment (for aggression) or reward (for cooperation).
Without conflict, there would be no evolution of society because only those individuals capable of surviving long enough to reproduce would do so. This leads to all individuals being strong competitors who must fight to survive and reproduce. Over time, this would result in the extinction of humanity because none of us will stop fighting to survive.
However, conflict has two important functions in society: it keeps people honest and it promotes progress. Honesty is essential in any relationship - between friends, colleagues, partners, etc.