In our daily lives, we utilize four forms of attention: selective attention, divided attention, sustained attention, and executive attention. These different forms of attention allow us to pay close attention to something for a period of time, make choices about what information to focus on and what information to ignore, handle multiple tasks at once, and regulate the intensity of that attention.
Selective attention is the ability to concentrate on one thing at a time. You use this form of attention when trying to listen to someone talk without being distracted by other things going on around you. Divided attention means paying careful attention to two things at once. For example, if you're driving and talking on the phone, you're using divided attention. Sustained attention is the ability to maintain focus on one task for an extended period of time. For example, if you're working on a project at home and want to get it finished in a timely manner you need to be able to sustain your attention over several hours. Executive attention is the ability to control the focus of your mind or body on a regular basis. For example, if you want to play a good game of tennis you need to be able to concentrate intensely for relatively long periods of time. The executive aspect of attention is what allows athletes, musicians, actors, and others to perform at their best.
There are four forms of attention: selective, or focusing on one item at a time; divided, or focusing on two events at once; sustained, or focusing for an extended length of time; and executive, or focusing on completing tasks to reach a goal. These different types of attention affect how, what, and where we pay attention when performing any task.
Selective attention is the process of paying attention to one thing at a time. It allows us to focus on a single event or stimulus while ignoring others that are present in our environment. For example, if I ask you to count out loud from 1 to 10 while I play a song on my guitar, you will be using selective attention because you are only paying attention to one thing at a time-the number sequence-while forgetting about the music. Selective attention can help us concentrate on schoolwork or activities we enjoy such as listening to music or watching television. However, if we are always trying to listen to everything all at once, it can be difficult to pay attention to anything for more than a few minutes at a time.
Divided attention is the ability to pay attention to two things at once. This is usually done by concentrating on one thing for a short period of time and then switching to another activity.
Attention is a cognitive process that enables us to select and focus on relevant inputs. There are numerous sorts, according to the Sohlberg and Mateer (1987, 1989) model: arousal, concentrated, sustained, selected, alternating, and split.
This article focuses on three forms of attention: arousal, concentrated, and selective.
Attention can be considered as a resource that can be used up for other tasks. When this happens, we say that the person has "used up" his or her attentional resources. The more demands there are on our attentional resources, the less we will be able to pay attention to something else. For example, if you try to do two things at once - such as listen to someone talk while reading a book - you will find it difficult to do either task well. Even if you want to pay close attention to both the speaker and the book, it will affect your ability to do so.
Our brains are always making decisions about what information to accept into our consciousness and what to reject. We call these decisions "attentional filters". We need attentional filters because there are many things going on all the time - such as sounds, images, thoughts, and feelings - and only a few things deserve our full attention at any one time. Otherwise, we would not be able to function effectively in our environment.