What are the functionalist and conflict perspectives on social control?

What are the functionalist and conflict perspectives on social control?

(a) Functionalists viewed the shift as constructive and progressive, and they viewed social control as a collection of independent variables, as processes that minimize social tensions and contribute to system stability. Modern theorists include Herbert Gans, Charles Tilly, and Peter Halling.

(b) Conflict theorists view the shift away from coercion as destructive and regressive, and they view social control as a form of violence used to suppress opposition to government policies or actions. The earliest theorist was Louis Kriesberg, who proposed three types of controls: economic, legal, and ideological.

Modern theorists include Thomas Ferguson, James Scott, and Jean-Pierre Dupuy.

Ferguson argues that economies need governments to create conditions under which business can operate efficiently, so businesses will seek out states with better institutions. Better institutions mean less need for intervention by police or armies, which is good for business. Thus functionalism contributed to the growth of democratic governments which in turn has led to more free markets.

Scott argues that modern states use several strategies to maintain order including the creation of police forces, courts, and other agencies that have the power to punish those who violate the law. These tools serve to deter crime by threatening punishment if there is further violation.

What does the functionalist view of society mean?

The Functionalist Perspective: a comprehensive social philosophy that views society as a complex system whose elements cooperate to produce solidarity and stability. At its core is the belief that society can be understood in terms of its various functions, which are carried out by different organizations within it.

How did this perspective develop? The idea that society is like a machine dates back at least as far as the 18th century England of David Hume and Adam Smith. They believed that like any machine, society needed some component parts to work properly. Thus, they proposed that society needs governments to protect its people from violence and provide order through law and police force. They also suggested that society needs businesses to create jobs and provide goods and services that no one else wants to do. And finally, they said that society should rely on families - parents should raise their children in a way that will make them self-reliant and capable of taking care of themselves and others - and have fun too!

William Graham Sumner was the first person to use the word "functional" when he described the work of economists such as John Stuart Mill and Thomas Malthus. They studied how different parts of society functioned and used this information to explain what was happening overall.

What is the functionalist perspective on social problems?

Functionalism emphasizes the necessity of social institutions for social stability and indicates that radical social change is damaging to society. Conflict theory stresses social inequity and contends that radical social change is required to produce a just society. The work of John Stuart Mill is important for functionalism because it includes a discussion of what can be done about poverty and other social ills.

Mill argued in favor of a government role in regulating industry and labor markets to ensure that everyone has an opportunity to get ahead through their own effort. He also suggested providing education for all children (including women) so they could take advantage of available jobs. These policies, according to Mill, are necessary because people cannot be expected to act morally or pursue their self-interest without coercion from outside sources.

Functionalist theories have been popular among conservatives who believe that government action is needed to correct for problems caused by individual behavior. They tend to argue that less regulation, not more, is needed in order to promote freedom and prosperity.

Modern day functionalists include Richard F. Harvey of Yale University and Charles Murray of the American Enterprise Institute. Like Mill, they believe that society requires structure and cooperation to function properly. However, they go further than Mill in arguing that certain groups within society require special protection from risk exposure or opportunities.

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Melissa Aguinaga

Melissa Aguinaga loves to talk about psychology, memory improvement, and the emotional benefits of learning new things. Melissa has a degree in psychology from Harvard University, and she enjoys sharing her knowledge of the mind with others through writing articles on topics she knows the most about!

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