What are the major sociological perspectives on education?

What are the major sociological perspectives on education?

The primary sociological viewpoints on education may be divided into three categories: functional, conflict, and symbolic interactionist (Ballantine & Hammack, 2009). Table 16.1, "Theory Snapshot," summarizes the findings of different methodologies. Education serves numerous purposes in society. It helps individuals obtain jobs, find partners, communicate desires, express anger, etc. Thus, it is not surprising that many different theories have been proposed to explain how education works.

Functional theories were the first developed to explain why people go to school. They focus on the functions that education performs for its users. The two most important functional theories are utility theory and benefit-based theory. According to utility theory, people learn in school because it provides them with an overall utility increase. This theory was first proposed by Jeremy Bentham in 18th century England. He believed that since labor is a form of wealth, then someone must be benefiting from one's efforts at school. Therefore, going to school is beneficial because it provides people with a way to use their time more productively. Today, this theory is mainly associated with the work of John Stuart Mill who modified Bentham's idea by including the concept of individuality. According to Mill, education is valuable because it allows people to develop their own potential over time.

Benefit-based theories argue that people learn in school because it provides them with certain benefits. These theories can be broken down into two categories: reward and entitlement theories.

What are the schools of thought in sociology?

This week, we return to basics by discussing the three schools of sociological thought: conflict theory, structural functionalism, and symbolic interactionism. Knowing these three schools of thought is essential for any aspiring sociologist. For our lesson, we will explore how each school explains what people do and why they act as they do.

The term "school" is used here to describe a group of scholars that shares a particular perspective on society. Although each of these schools includes many different thinkers, they all share a fundamental belief about how to understand social behavior. By understanding how these schools view social life, we can better grasp the main ideas behind them.

Conflict Theory was the first major school of thought in sociology. The founders of this approach were Elwood Zimmerman and Lewis Thomas. They believed that society is made up of constant conflicts between groups with different interests. To explain social behavior, they looked to research on violence in animals and humans to show that violent acts are not random but rather always have reasons behind them. Based on this idea, they proposed that everything from crime to politics is about resolving conflicts between different groups within societies.

Structural Functionalism was developed by Talcott Parsons. Like Zimmermann and Thomas before him, Parsons also drew upon research from psychology and anthropology to explain social behavior.

What is the symbolic interactionist perspective on education?

Symbolic Interactionists (Education): Symbolic interactionists study classroom communication patterns and educational techniques that influence students' self-concept and ambitions. It is the study of how individuals shape society and are changed by society via interactions and the meaning that emerges. Thus, it focuses on how people come to understand their place in society and what they do with this knowledge.

Schools are important sites for socialization. They provide structures for learning social skills as well as academic content. Students go to school to learn what will help them function effectively in society, so it makes sense that schools would play a role in shaping their future selves. Teachers have the opportunity to impact their students through their actions and reactions to them both in and out of the classroom. Parents also have the ability to influence their children's education by setting high expectations for themselves and their children and encouraging them to participate in activities outside of school.

From this perspective, educators should focus on building positive relationships with their students, providing opportunities for them to take an active role in their own education, and helping them understand the connections between school life and life in general.

Furthermore, teachers should make sure that students feel welcome at their school. This can be done by creating a positive school climate that removes any elements of intimidation that may exist currently or have previously existed.

What is the functionalist view on education?

The functionalist philosophy of education emphasizes on how education serves society's requirements through developing skills, creating social cohesiveness, and sorting pupils. The role of schools, according to functionalists, is to educate pupils for participation in societal institutions. Such education should help students acquire the knowledge and skills necessary for this participation.

Functionalism was a major influence on educational thinking in the United States during the 1930s and 1940s. The most important advocate of this approach was John B. Watson, who argued that schooling should be used to mold students into acceptable members of society. Watson believed that intelligence was not inherited but rather it could be learned through experience. He also thought that children could be sorted into different academic streams at an early age so that they would not have to wait until the end of the school year to find out what their future career might be. This could be done by having parents fill out questionnaires about their interests and hobbies when they apply for a place at school. Students who show an interest in science or mathematics would be placed in special classes where they would be taught these subjects from an early age.

Watson's ideas were widely accepted within the American education system and they influenced many educators who came after him. One such person was Leon J. Meyers, who published several books on educational theory during the 1950s and 1960s.

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Lori Kelly

Lori Kelly is a skilled therapist who knows how to help people heal. She has been involved in therapeutic practices for over ten years, working with clients on a variety of mental-health issues. Her passion is helping people live their best lives possible by addressing the underlying causes of their suffering.


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