Adolescent psychological changes include the emergence of new cognitive structures (e.g., the ability to think abstractly) and introspective abilities, the formation of moral values and norms, and coming to terms with the developmental tasks that are unique to this stage of life, as discussed in the...
Adolescents go through a lot of changes as they journey from childhood to early adulthood. Physical, behavioral, cognitive, and emotional-social growth are all part of this process. Adolescence is defined as the period of life between childhood and adulthood, usually occurring between 10 years old and 20 years old.
During this time, adolescents' bodies are changing dramatically. They grow taller and heavier over time. Their voices change and their face begins to show signs of aging. The brain develops more rapidly during adolescence, so learning new skills or exploring new areas of interest can help boost IQ and make teens more adaptive in today's world.
Adolescence is a time when students experience many emotions including fear, anger, frustration, disappointment, happiness, excitement, and love. These feelings are normal for someone going through such a big transformation in their lives and should not be taken negatively. It is important that adults around them understand these emotions and be willing to talk with them about them.
Adolescents need to feel like they can trust you enough to tell you what they're feeling. This requires being open and honest with them. If they sense that you don't trust them, they won't share everything that's going on in their lives.
Adolescence is a period of rapid growth and development in the teenage brain. The primary difference is that unneeded connections in your child's brain's thinking and processing section (called grey matter) are "pruned" away. Other relationships are strengthened at the same time. This process is called "synaptic plasticity."
These changes mean that adolescents' brains are ready for new skills and knowledge. They are better able to deal with change and cope with new challenges. At the same time, their brains are less likely to suffer damage from toxic substances such as alcohol or drugs.
Some studies have shown that myelination of certain parts of the brain occurs primarily between the ages of 10 and 20. This process results in an increase in the speed and reliability of nerve signals between different regions of the brain. Some scientists believe that this may account for why teenagers make better decisions than adults do.
Other differences include increases in:
• Grey matter volume. More grey matter means more brain power! Brain scans show that adolescent brains have more white matter fiber bundles connecting different areas of the brain than adult brains do. Scientists think that this extra wiring may help explain why teenagers perform better on tests of cognitive ability than adults do.
• Blood flow to the brain. Adolescent brains receive more blood per unit weight than adult brains do.
The prefrontal cortex, located in the front of the brain, is the last to be rebuilt. It is responsible for controlling impulsive behavior, planning ahead, and learning from past mistakes.
This development occurs because neurons are capable of growing new branches called axons. During this time, these newly grown axons seek out other neurons that will help them communicate with one another. If an axon finds another neuron it can connect with, then both neurons will be able to function as one unit. This is why neural networks need to be re-built or "reorganized" during adolescence. Without this process, many adolescents would be unable to control themselves or think clearly due to a lack of communication between their different parts of the brain.
The teenage brain is also changing physically. Adolescent brains are about 50% larger than adults', and they continue to grow until at least 25 years old. The increased size of the brain during adolescence is due to the addition of new cells and the expansion of existing cells' processes.
There are two types of neurons in the brain: excitatory neurons and inhibitory neurons. Excitatory neurons transmit information by means of chemical signals called neurotransmitters. Inhibitory neurons prevent excessive stimulation of other neurons.
What to expect in terms of social and emotional changes during adolescence