"Learner-centered" is a perspective that combines a focus on individual learners-their heredity, experiences, perspectives, backgrounds, talents, interests, capacities, and needs-with a focus on learning-the best available knowledge about learning and how it occurs, as well as the most effective teaching practices...
This approach seeks to meet individuals' needs by providing appropriate resources, such as instructional materials and methods that match each person's abilities and interests.
It also involves active participation by students in their own education by working with staff members to identify their own learning goals, suggesting alternatives for meeting those goals, and evaluating their success.
In addition, learner-centered instruction focuses on helping students develop an understanding of why things happen, the skills needed to solve problems, and how to analyze information presented in different forms (e.g., visually, quantitatively). This type of instruction also includes activities that help students communicate their ideas clearly and effectively both orally and in writing.
Finally, learner-centered instruction stresses the importance of teaching content systematically so that students understand how concepts relate to one another and can apply what they have learned.
These are just some examples of how learner-centeredness affects classroom practice. If you want to learn more, check out some of the articles listed on this site under the "Resources" section below.
Learner-centered teaching is a method of teaching that places the learner at the center of the learning process. This indicates that the learner or student is in charge of learning, while the tutor is in charge of supporting learning. This is often referred to as student-centered learning. There are several different methods used by learner-centered teachers to achieve this goal. Some use worksheets, others use project-based learning, yet others use discussions and questions and still others use games and activities. The key is that the method used must be relevant to the individual needs of the learner.
Here are some other characteristics of a learner-centered teacher:
He/she creates an environment that is safe for learning. This means that the teacher does not treat students differently because they are students. They understand that mistakes are normal and that everyone needs support when making a change in behavior or learning something new.
He/she provides clear expectations for both students and colleagues. Learner-centered teachers know what their students need to succeed in class and they provide this support through positive expectations. They also have clear expectations for themselves as teachers. For example, they may say that they will include homework opportunities in their lessons plans or that they will keep classroom discussions focused on topics that are relevant to students' experiences.
They help students develop skills necessary for learning.
A learner-centered setting encourages students to study in a more collaborative manner. Learner-Centered vs. Teacher-Centered Learning
|Instructor evaluates student learning||Students evaluate their own learning; instructor also evaluates|
|Classroom is quiet||Classroom is often noisy and busy|
A learner-centered setting entails more than merely imparting knowledge or teaching skills. It is a kind of education that focuses on the participants' issues and includes them in decision-making and problem-solving. Respectful interactions are formed in a learner-centered setting. The teacher creates an atmosphere where students feel comfortable asking questions and expressing themselves.
An environment-centered learning setting is one that takes into account the impact that learners experience outside of the classroom, such as their living conditions or personal circumstances. This type of setting aims to provide solutions by considering all aspects related to each student's life, not just his or her learning needs.
For example, if a student comes from a poor family and is going to be homeless tomorrow, it makes sense for educators to ensure this student is able to obtain appropriate educational services. This would be an environment-centered approach, since consideration was given to the student's need beyond the classroom.
Education that considers the effects that classrooms have outside of the classroom can help students develop critical thinking skills and find solutions that work for everyone involved.
This type of setting requires teachers to be proactive instead of reactive. They must identify students at risk and take measures to assist them. It also means teachers should monitor students' progress outside of class hours to determine if additional support is needed.
Student-centered learning, also known as learner-centered education, refers to instructional approaches that move the focus of instruction away from the instructor and onto the student. Student-centered education focuses on skills and practices that promote lifelong learning and problem-solving independence. It also emphasizes active participation by students in their own learning.
Pupil-centered practice is a term used by some educators to describe an instructional approach in which teaching and learning are focused primarily on individual pupils rather than on the class as a whole. This approach is commonly associated with small schools or classrooms where the teacher has close contact with each child.
In small schools or classes, it is not unusual for all students to know and care about how their performance compares to that of their classmates. This type of environment encourages self-evaluation and improvement through feedback from peers and teachers.
Some educators believe that pupil-centered practice should be the default mode for teaching children. They argue that focusing attention on the needs of individual students allows for more effective learning and improves classroom discipline as well. Others believe that student-centered learning should be the exception rather than the rule and that teachers should always aim to provide lessons that benefit the entire class.
Pupil-centered practice includes such techniques as peer assessment, group work, cooperative learning, and problem-based learning.
Facilitating Learner-Centered Teaching is a powerful tool for pre-service and in-service teachers to understand the fundamental pedagogical principles, processes, and practices anchored in learner-centeredness and other educational psychology as they apply to facilitating the delivery of teaching and learning...