Depression is a frequent mental health issue that produces low mood, lack of interest or pleasure, feelings of guilt or low self-worth, interrupted sleep or food, low energy, and impaired concentration. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms on a persistent basis, it may be time to seek help.
There are two types of depression: clinical depression and major depressive disorder. With clinical depression, there are no specific tests that can be done to find out why someone is depressed. It is estimated that about 20% of people will experience clinical depression at some point in their lives. Women are more likely than men to suffer from this condition. Age also plays a role: adults and older children are most likely to be affected.
People who are depressed often feel sad or hopeless. They may have thoughts of death or suicide. They may have trouble sleeping or eating properly. Depression can make you feel like everything is wrong with your life and nothing is right. Even if you don't want to live anymore, do not take an overdose of pills because it will only cause you harm without helping you feel better.
If you are thinking about killing yourself, please call 1-800-273-8255 or visit www.suicidepreventionlifeline.org for assistance.
Overview Depression is a mental condition characterized by chronic sorrow and loss of interest. It affects how you feel, think, and behave and can lead to a variety of mental and physical difficulties. It is also known as major depressive disorder or clinical depression. Depression is the leading cause of disability in people ages 15 to 44.
The science of psychiatry defines depression as a disease of the brain. Like other diseases of the brain and nervous system, it is diagnosed based on a combination of symptoms and laboratory findings. In addition to suffering from sadness and loss of interest, people with depression often have other signs and symptoms including:
- Appetite changes- Difficulty sleeping- Fatigue- Loss of energy- Feelings of guilt or remorse- Decreased concentration- Poor judgment- Physical symptoms such as pain or digestive problems that do not go away with treatment- Weight gain or loss- Changes in sexual behavior or function
Depression has been around for as long as history has been being written, but it was not always called depression. In ancient Greece, for example, it was called amygda meaning "to be overwhelmed by grief" or "to suffer from melancholia". Today, we know that this form of depression is associated with biological changes in the body caused by stressors beyond one's control.
Depression is a mental condition characterized by a persistent sense of melancholy and loss of interest. It is distinct from the emotional swings that most individuals encounter on a daily basis. Major life experiences, such as bereavement or job loss, can trigger depression. Symptoms include appetite changes, insomnia, fatigue, feelings of guilt or worthlessness, difficulty concentrating, irritability, and pain symptoms.
The word "depression" comes from the Latin word "deprese," which means "bad." Thus, depression is defined as a bad mood or state of mind.
People often describe those who suffer from depression as being in a low mood for an extended period of time. However, this is not a diagnostic feature of the disease; rather, it is called "withdrawal syndrome" and is used to describe how someone might feel after cessation of use of alcohol or other drugs. Withdrawal symptoms usually go away on their own without medical help. Depression is different because it affects your ability to function normally and requires treatment.
There are two types of depression: major depressive disorder and minor depressive disorder. These terms are not used to describe just one thing with many names but instead refer to two completely different conditions. People who suffer from major depressive disorder experience several symptoms for at least two weeks that cause significant distress or impairment in their social or professional functioning.
Depression is defined in psychology as a mood or emotional state characterized by feelings of poor self-worth or guilt, as well as a diminished capacity to enjoy life. People who are depressed often describe their emotions as sad, anxious, or hopeless.
The term "mood" refers to a person's overall psychological state. A person's mood can be happy or unhappy. The terms "up" and "down" indicate how someone is feeling, which may not be apparent from just looking at them. For example, when someone is down in the dumps, they're likely to have a depressed mood. When something exciting happens, such as finding a $10,000 prize, people will often say that they were excited or thrilled.
Moods can change quickly - one minute you're excited about something, the next you feel miserable. Sometimes these changes come on without any obvious cause - it's called "being in the blues" or "being in a bad mood". Other times there are reasons why you're feeling this way. If you suspect that a problem in your life is causing you to feel this way, talk with someone you trust (like a friend or family member) so you can find out what's wrong and get help.
People use different words to describe their feelings.