There are three fundamental concepts in manifesting destiny: The unique characteristics of the American people and their institutions The United States' aim was to redeem and reconstruct the West in the image of the agricultural East. An unstoppable destiny to do this critical mission.
Manifest Destiny was more than a slogan. It was a way of thinking about America's place in the world, and an ideology around which Americans rallied. This way of thinking and acting was reflected in many aspects of life, including government policy. Manifest Destiny influenced the actions of presidents from William Henry Harrison (9/4/1841-4/25/1845) to William Howard Taft (10/27/1909-1/20/1913). It also affected how other countries viewed America.
Harrison, for example, believed that American expansion was necessary because Europe was falling behind Asia in terms of economic development. He also felt that it was his duty to spread democracy and free trade across the entire world. Although he had no real influence over foreign affairs, his belief in manifest destiny led him to support the annexation of Texas.
Taft agreed with Harrison that America needed to take charge of the west, but he did not believe that American expansion was vital for economic reasons. Instead, he wanted to use military power to force Canada and Mexico to accept American sovereignty.
According to Weeks, advocates of manifest destiny usually touched on three key themes: the virtue of the American people and their institutions; the mission to spread these institutions, thereby redeeming and remaking the world in the image of the United States; and the destiny under God to do this work. These themes can be seen in writings by such figures as John Winthrop, Daniel Webster, and Theodore Roosevelt.
Manifest destiny was not a single coherent ideology or set of policies. Rather, it was a name given to the belief that because of their unique history and revolutionary ideas about freedom and government, the Americans should have a special role in shaping the new world. This vision had its roots in the writings of European intellectuals like Edward Gibbon and Charles Darwin. It was also shaped by experiences such as the French and Indian War, which showed how important it was for the young nation to unite around a common goal.
The concept of manifest destiny remained popular through much of the 19th century. However, it began to be challenged by scholars like James Bradley Thayer who argued that liberty was just as important to Americans as destiny and that their actions demonstrated that they believed otherwise. Also, immigrants were coming to America who wanted to live in an independent country rather than under the control of the United States. Finally, after the Civil War ended slavery, many Southern whites felt that their region had been unfairly punished by being forced into civil war.
Manifest destiny was a popular cultural concept in nineteenth-century America that American settlers were fated to spread over North America. The United States' aim was to redeem and reconstruct the West in the image of the agricultural East. Manifest destiny also had important implications for other countries in North America and abroad.
In the case of immigrants, manifest destiny meant that they were allowed to come to the United States and make their own way here. No longer would people be prevented from entering the country based on their race or ethnic background. Instead, immigrants would be given fair hearings before being denied entry into the United States.
This new policy went beyond what most other countries did at the time. In 1882, for example, the United Kingdom passed the Chinese Immigration Act, which restricted immigration from China. France followed with its own law that same year. Germany enacted its own law in 1888. Russia passed a law in 1893 that almost exactly mirrored America's new policy. Only Japan refused to limit immigration back then.
In conclusion, manifest destiny was a popular cultural concept in nineteenth-century America that American settlers were fated to spread over North America.
Manifest destiny: the unique qualities of the American people and institutions which have made them capable of withstanding trials which would have destroyed others. This belief was particularly strong after the War of 1812 when Americans felt proud and invincible.
The concept of manifest destiny was first expressed by John O'Sullivan in an article published in the National Gazette on May 20, 1844. The article called for the expansion of civil rights and the opening of foreign markets to the United States. It also suggested that since God was making all men equal, He must be doing this for some special purpose. Thus, according to O'Sullivan, America should claim as part of its mission the promotion of democracy throughout the world. This view was widely accepted among politicians and intellectuals in the United States, even though many opposed the annexation of Mexico's territory or the war with Mexico itself.
After the Mexican–American War (1846–48), when most of what is now Texas and parts of California were annexed by the United States, manifest destiny became a national obsession. Many Americans believed that the new territories were valuable because they provided access to free labor and natural resources that would help the country develop economically.
According to historian William E. Weeks, supporters of manifest destiny frequently touched on two important themes:
The concept that Americans have the right, or even the obligation, to expand westward over the North American continent from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean is known as Manifest Destiny. This would extend civilization's and democracy's beautiful institutions to the barbarous Native Americans. The term was coined by American author John L. O'Sullivan in 1845 when he wrote an article for the New York Evening Post titled "The Conquest of Mexico". In this article, he proposed that America should seek to spread its principles and customs across North America.
O'Sullivan based his argument on two concepts: divine providence and national destiny. He believed that God had ordained America to lead the civilized world and so she must fulfill her mission. At the time, Mexico controlled much of what is now the United States, so O'Sullivan suggested that America go to war against her. This proposal was not accepted at the time but it later became popular among some politicians and settlers after the Mexican-American War (1846-48).
Manifest Destiny was not a single idea but rather an attitude toward the world that believed that America had a special role to play in bringing about global peace and prosperity. This attitude was common among politicians, writers, artists, and others who were involved in public life at the time.
The unique characteristics of the American people and their institutions were said to be the result of a special divine guidance.
This idea had its roots in the writings of influential philosophers, politicians, and scientists who argued that because the United States was a young country, it needed to make itself strong by spreading westward. This view became more common after the Louisiana Purchase, when French colonists in Canada founded cities on the Ohio River and Gulf of Mexico.
In addition to believing that God wanted America to expand, many people at the time believed that God wanted America to be a Christian nation. Because most immigrants to America were Catholic or Protestant European Christians, this meant that only Christians could live here. In order for America to fulfill this requirement, some people believed that it needed to convert its existing laws and customs into something that matched what they thought Christianity required.
Because Manifest Destiny was used to justify war, it also helped fuel the American invasion of Mexico. In 1846, Americans went to war with Mexico, claiming that it was necessary to protect Texas from Mexican aggression. During these wars, American soldiers attacked villages, killed civilians, and stole their land.