The major sociological theories offer insight into how we understand education. Functionalists view education as an important social institution that contributes to both manifest and latent functions. The theory of symbolic interactionism focuses on education as a means for labeling individuals. Conflict theorists believe that education is used by society to resolve conflicts between groups or classes. Gender theorists argue that education provides women with opportunities unavailable to men.
These are only some of many theories available to help explain what education is and why it matters. All schools have adopted policies based on one or more of these theories, so they can provide guidance on how to best achieve educational goals. For example, teachers may use strategies from functionalist theories to plan lessons, while students may be given roles in groups according to principles of symbolic interactionism.
Many other theories have been proposed over time by educators who have wanted to better understand education. Some of the most influential thinkers include Plato, Aristotle, Foucault, Mills, Chandler, Benkler, and Dyson.
Sociologists and educators are now debating the role of education. Their perspectives are represented by three major theories: the functionalist theory, the conflict theory, and the symbolic interactionist theory.
Functionalists believe that education is necessary for individuals to perform functions in society which enable them to survive and thrive. These include learning how to communicate, work with others, handle money, and so on. They argue that without education, people would be unable to participate fully in modern society.
Conflict theorists believe that violence is an essential part of human nature and that it is reflected in the way students behave in school. They say that children must learn how to control their impulses against each other if they are going to get along in school and later in life. This means that there needs to be discipline in schools. Without this, things would go too far and there would be no end to violence.
Symbolic interactionists believe that education can have profound effects on individuals by giving them meaning and purpose in life. It helps them develop skills that are necessary for them to function successfully in society. And it gives them a sense of self-worth.
These are just some of the many theories about education.
Functionalism Education, according to functionalists, is one of the most essential social institutions in a society. It serves to provide individuals with the knowledge and skills they need to function effectively in their societies. Education also includes training for jobs, as well as entertainment and information dissemination.
Communitarianism Education is important because it helps build communities by providing opportunities for people to interact with each other and share ideas. It also provides an opportunity for children to get ahead in our competitive world economy. Teachers play an important role in educating students by modeling appropriate behaviors, by encouraging students to learn, and by correcting mistakes when necessary.
Liberal Democracy Education is a right which every citizen has a duty to use. It should be available to all individuals at no cost and without discrimination. It should also be offered equally throughout a person's life, from childhood through old age. Education is vital to creating responsible citizens who will then vote for leaders who will make sure that these rights are not taken away.
Marxism Education is used by some people to explain social differences based on class, or wealth. According to this view, education is used by the rich to give them an advantage over the poor. It can also be used to discriminate against individuals based on their race or gender.
The functionalist philosophy of education emphasizes on how education serves society's requirements through developing skills, creating social cohesiveness, and sorting pupils. Schools, according to functionalists, serve to educate pupils for participation in societal institutions. Pupils are educated to be responsible members of society who contribute to its well-being.
According to this view, education should help students meet social needs, such as obtaining employment, being able to communicate effectively, and taking care of oneself physically. It follows that education should focus on those subjects that will help students succeed in the workplace or in other settings beyond the school environment.
Furthermore, education should develop individuals' potentials and promote their capabilities. Functionalists believe that education should aim at producing well-rounded people who are capable of dealing with various challenges that life may offer them.
Finally, education should be fun. Or more precisely, schools should provide a fun environment where students can learn. This idea comes from John Holt, who believed that learning occurs when someone wants to know something and is interested enough in find out about it.
If you want to become a functional teacher, you have to understand that you cannot please all the people all the time. Some students will like learning about history, while others might prefer science classes.
Symbolic Interactionist (Education) Perspective: Symbolic interactionists study classroom communication patterns and educational methods that influence students' self-concept and ambitions. It is the study of how individuals shape society and are changed by society via interactions and the meaning that emerges. Thus, it focuses on how people come to understand their place in society and what they do with this knowledge.
In other words, the symbolic interactionist perspective believes that society has the ability to shape individuals through social interactions and messages they receive from those around them. A person's identity is shaped by the roles they play in society, so understanding how these roles are defined can help educators identify ways to increase student engagement with learning materials.
Additionally, the symbolic interactionist perspective states that people use past experiences to create future expectations, which means that teaching students about their options in life will help them determine their goals later in life.
Finally, the symbolic interactionist perspective stresses the importance of listening skills because people learn by communicating ideas and values, so teachers should try to get their messages across effectively before giving out information themselves.
Educators who adopt this perspective believe that everyone has the ability and potential to achieve great things if they are given the chance.