What are the values in positive psychology?

What are the values in positive psychology?

Values are "basic attitudes that guide our mental processes and conduct" and "create the notion that life is meaningful and serve as a measure of how meaningful one's behaviors are, that is, congruent with that person's value system" (Vyskocilova et al., 2015). There are five values that have been widely accepted by the positive psychology community: compassion, courage, gratitude, hope, and humility.

Compassion refers to "the ability to feel pain for others," which leads us to help them avoid suffering. It involves feeling sorrow or dismay at someone else's misfortunes and wishing them well even if they do not see it themselves. Compassion is an important psychological trait because it influences our relationships with others, motivates us to act benevolently, and makes us more likely to help people in need.

Courage is defined as "the fearlessness to face danger, hardship, or uncertainty," which means having the self-confidence to try new things, be honest with yourself and others, and live your life to the fullest. It is important to be courageous because it allows us to take risks and make decisions that may seem scary at times but which help us grow as individuals and as a society.

Gratitude is being aware of what we have been given, which creates an environment where we can give back.

What is a desirable value?

Values are underlying ideas that influence or inspire attitudes and behaviors. They assist us in determining what is essential to us. In a broad sense, values are what is excellent, desirable, or worthy. Purposeful activity is motivated by values. They are the objectives for which we strive, and they come in a variety of ways. For example: economic values, such as earning money; political values, such as democracy; and ethical values, such as honesty.

In psychology, the study of values is called valence. The word "valence" comes from the Latin word valens, meaning "strong," "powerful," or "effective." This term was originally used to describe the strength of an emotion. Today, psychologists use the term to describe how strongly people prefer one option over another. There are two types of valence: cognitive and emotional. Cognitive valence refers to how likely it is that someone will do something in particular. Emotional valence describes how much pleasure or pain someone experiences when they think about doing something.

For example, consider a person who likes cats but does not like dogs. This person has a cat valence (or cat preference) for their own good because it makes them feel happy when they think about having a pet. However, this same person would have a dog valence for others' good because they know that getting a dog requires making a commitment. Therefore, they feel pain when they think about having a pet.

What are the values and standards?

Values determine our character and spirit, whereas standards define our acts and behavior. Values are precise views about what is significant and unimportant, what is good and terrible, what is right and wrong. Values serve as the foundation for how we make judgments and decisions about everything we do and do not do. Standards are the results of using our values to guide our actions.

For example, if I value being honest and fair, then my standards for myself will be that I never lie or cheat. For others, their values and standards may be different from mine. My goals might be different from theirs. But as long as we share the same values, then we will usually reach the same standards for ourselves and others.

It is important to note that values can change over time. For example, some people's values related to violence may change as society changes around them. The standards that result from using our values to guide our actions are always fixed and true no matter what changes we may see in the world or inside ourselves.

Values are important because without them there would be no direction or purpose for us to follow. We could do whatever we wanted with no limits other than those imposed by our own nature. There would be no standard by which to judge what we did so we would be left with nothing but chaos.

About Article Author

Pearl Crislip

Pearl Crislip is a professional who has been in the field of psychology for over 20 years. She has experience in clinical, corporate, and educational settings. Pearl loves to teach people about psychology, because it helps them understand themselves better and others around them more fully.

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