What did Freud believe is the force that drives human development throughout life?

What did Freud believe is the force that drives human development throughout life?

Libido, or psychosexual energy, has been regarded as the motivating force behind conduct. According to psychoanalytic theory, personality is primarily formed by the age of five. Early experiences have a significant impact on personality formation and continue to influence conduct later in life. Freud believed that an infant's sexual desires are initially directed toward its mother's breast, but these desires are then redirected toward other people in the form of impulses that lead to behavior that satisfies the need for pleasure through action or thought.

As children grow up, they begin to replace their mothers with other women as sources of satisfaction. This process continues until either death or some decisive event (such as the marriage of one of the partners) ends it. At this point, the child's libidinal needs are met, and its ego develops sufficiently to allow it to consider other people's needs and feelings.

According to Freud, the majority of our thoughts are concerned with satisfying our basic needs for food, shelter, and love. The less we think about these things, according to him, the more peaceful our lives will be. However, if we're not satisfied with what we have, we'll always look for ways to improve our situation. This leads to all kinds of ambitions that help us cope with the pain of never being able to satisfy our needs.

All this shows that humans are driven by forces other than hunger and thirst.

Was Freud's nature or nurture?

The psychodynamic approach considers both sides of the nature-vs. Nurture issue. According to Freud, adult personality is the consequence of intrinsic drives (natural motives or desires that we are born with) and childhood experiences (i.e., how we are raised and nurtured). Therefore, your personality is shaped by your biological make up combined with environmental factors.

But this doesn't mean that our lives are simply determined by our genes, or that our behavior can be explained solely by events in our past. Freud believed that everything that affects one part of the mind will affect all parts, which means that thoughts and feelings are constantly influencing each other. Thus, someone who has been severely traumatized may develop symptoms of anxiety in response to even minor threats or difficulties.

This person might appear cold or indifferent, for example, if you were to meet him or her in a social setting. Such a demeanor would be reasonable under the circumstances since exposure to severe trauma leads to increased arousal and resistance to external stimuli. This type of person might also seem like they're not listening when you talk to them, or that what you say isn't making any impression, because they aren't actually paying attention; they're just trying to avoid thinking about the trauma.

In addition, someone who has been severely traumatized might have problems with impulse control and form destructive relationships.

What makes a theorist neo-Freudian?

The neo-Freudian theories are Freudian-based theories that emphasize the role of the unconscious and early experiences in shaping personality but place less emphasis on sexuality as the primary motivating force in personality and are more optimistic about the prospects for personality growth and redevelopment. They include many current psychoanalysts who, like Freud, consider themselves psychoanalytic psychologists.

Neo-Freudians include some former analysts who no longer consider themselves psychoanalysts but who continue to use psychoanalysis as their principal research tool. The term is also used to describe certain scholars who develop theories based on studies using modern psychological tools but who nonetheless maintain connections with the psychoanalytic community through membership in academic organizations or participation in conferences focused on psychoanalytic theory or practice.

In addition to Jung and Freud, notable neo-Freudians include Erich Fromm, Harry Stack Sullivan, Robert Stolorz, George Kelly, John Gardner, Roy Schafer, and James Grotstein.

Neo-Freudians continue to develop new theories about the nature of human behavior and personality development. Their work has been influential in creating a more comprehensive understanding of how childhood experience shapes adult personality while at the same time demonstrating that personality is not simply a product of biology or environment but is also shaped by choice and opportunity.

About Article Author

Sandra Lyon

Sandra Lyon is a psychologist who has been in practice for over 15 years. She has worked with many individuals, couples, and families to help them find peace within themselves. As a licensed clinical psychologist in the state of California, she works with clients navigating relationships, life transitions or seeking self-understanding through psychotherapy or coaching sessions.

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