Phenomenology is the study of consciousness structures as experienced in the first person. In modern philosophy of mind, phenomenological topics such as intentionality, awareness, qualia, and first-person viewpoint have become important. In science, studies based on phenomenology include psychoanalytic theory, behavioral theories, cognitive theories, humanistic theories, and social constructionist theories.
Consciousness is often described as the experience of "what it is like" to be alive. Phenomenologists seek to understand what this experience consists in, i.e., what are the essential features or "qualia" of conscious experience. Other topics within the scope of phenomenology include attention, belief, doubt, emotion, imagination, memory, perception, will, and self-consciousness. The study of these phenomena is known as "phenomenology."
In philosophy, the term "phenomenon" can be used in two different but related ways. First, it can be used as a generic term for anything that appears or takes place, such as physical phenomena (e.g., earthquakes), mental phenomena (e.g., thoughts), social phenomena (e.g., revolutions). Second, it can be used as a more specific term for something that you can experience or feel, such as aesthetic experiences, emotional experiences, perceptual experiences.
Phenomenology is literally the study of "phenomena": the appearances of things or things as they seem in our experience, or the ways we experience things, and consequently the meanings they have in our experience. Phenomenology is the study of conscious experience as perceived from a subjective or first-person perspective. More specifically, it is the study of those features of consciousness that are experienced immediately upon their onset, without any influence from any subsequent thought or activity. These include sensations, feelings, intuitions, judgments, beliefs, thoughts, images, memories, expectations, desires, intentions, plans, questions, doubts, etc.
In philosophy, phenomenology is the attempt to describe what it is like to be human by analyzing the fundamental aspects of human experience. As a philosophical method, phenomenology starts with the observation of ordinary experiences (e.g., seeing red, feeling pain) and tries to explain how it is that these experiences have the specific nature they do. For example, why does seeing red make me think about horses when I know it has nothing to do with reality? Why does this image keep coming back to me? What is the meaning of this judgment? Why do I have this desire? Why do I feel so uneasy? Such questions are typical starting points for philosophical investigations using the phenomenological approach.
Phenomenology is closely related to existentialism.
From Simple English to the free encyclopedia Wikipedia. Phenomenology is a means of considering oneself. It focuses on phenomena rather than questioning what we truly are. These are the sensations we have as a result of our senses: what we see, taste, smell, touch, hear, and feel. Also included in this category are thoughts and emotions.
Phenomenology can be used in philosophy to study experiences such as seeing red or smelling smoke. Philosophers use these examples to explain concepts such as color perception or olfaction. But they also use them to discuss more general topics in psychology, anthropology, religion, and science fiction.
Phenomenologists believe that everything that exists has a subjective experience. This includes physical objects as well as mental processes such as thinking and feeling. They also believe that there are two types of experiences: sensory and cognitive. Sensory experiences include feelings such as pain or pleasure while cognitive experiences include ideas such as love or hate.
Sensory experiences are things we feel while cognitive experiences are thoughts that process information from our senses. For example, when you look at a blue sky, you feel the sun on your skin and see the color blue. That's why philosophers use sensory and cognitive experiences as examples for explaining other concepts such as color perception or olfaction.