A psychological interpretation of behavior based on a study of social interactions in which the individual is perceived to be taking on one of three roles: "adult," "parent," or "child." The adult role is assumed by someone who can act as a guide for others; the parent, who provides security and protection; and the child, who needs approval and recognition from others.
Transaction analysis focuses on how individuals' behaviors affect their relationships with others. It began as a tool used by psychologists when trying to understand why some people abuse drugs or alcohol while others do not. Transactional analysts believe that addictive behaviors are attempts by an individual to regain control after they have lost control over their lives. Specifically, transactionally-oriented therapists think about how past experiences shape current behavior, and they use this knowledge to help their patients change destructive patterns of behavior.
Transactional theory states that everyone acts according to three basic needs: autonomy, affiliation, and competence. Autonomy is the need to determine one's own actions and pursue one's own goals. Affiliation is the need for love and support from others. Competence is the need for mastery over one's environment. People will go to great lengths to meet these needs, which is why you will often see self-sacrificial behaviors among friends or family members.
"Ego States" are consistent patterns of emotion, thought, and behavior that we all have. According to Transactional Analysis, there are three ego states: parent, adult, and child. This isn't about actual parents, adults, or children, but rather different perspectives on them. From this perspective, every one of us has a unique set of experiences associated with each of these roles.
Parent: Parents want what's best for their children. They feel responsible for their children's happiness and well-being. If they believe that something will make their children happy, they will do everything in their power to give it to them. For example, if they believe that watching television will keep their children safe from harm, then they will let the television take up most of their time.
Adult: Adults want what's best for themselves. They feel responsible for their own happiness and well-being. If they believe that something will make them happy, they will do everything in their power to give it to themselves. For example, if they believe that drinking alcohol will make them feel good, then they will drink until they collapse.
Child: Children want what they want right now. They don't care about anyone else's feelings. If they believe that something will make them happy, they will go get it no matter what anyone else thinks.
This technique's broad appeal has drawn parents, professionals, social workers, and others who seek for optimum human growth. Transactional analysis is seen as an efficient approach of improving one's relationships with oneself and others. It can also be useful in business, especially where there are problems between employees or companies.
Transactional analysis is particularly relevant for those who want to understand themselves or others better. It can also help when trying to resolve issues between people or companies. The aim is to identify which behaviors are related to each other in time, thus forming a transaction. By analyzing these transactions, it is possible to discover patterns that can help explain why someone does something.
These explanations are called "cause-and-effect" statements because they describe what causes one behavior to produce another behavior. For example, if you ask someone why they eat sweets, they might say "because sugar gives me energy." This explanation describes a cause-and-effect relationship: eating sweets leads to having more energy.
People often use several reasonings during conversations. If you want to learn more about them, their motives, or how to solve problems, transacting with people is the best way.
Transactional analysis is based on the idea that everything we do is motivated by something.
Unlike the interaction model, which argues that individuals alternate between being sender and receiver, the transaction model suggests that we are both senders and receivers at the same time. The interaction model depicts context as physical and psychological elements that help or hinder communication. The transaction model sees context as external factors that influence but do not determine communication.
The transaction model of communication views people not just as receivers of messages but also as transmitters. As transmitters, people initiate messages by asking questions or making statements. As recipients, people answer questions or make statements in response to messages received from others.
In addition to questions and answers, transactions between individuals involve other behaviors such as gestures, facial expressions, tone of voice, etc. That is why communication experts say that you can't have a conversation without listeners. Even when one person is speaking words and another is simply listening, something important is happening. The listener is learning about the speaker's beliefs and attitudes, and the speaker is revealing information about the listener's traits and preferences. This exchange of information helps individuals get to know each other better.
According to this model, everyone sends and receives messages throughout the day. For example, when you enter a room, you send out a message telling others that you have arrived. Then, others respond by doing the same (or not). Finally, when you leave the room, you send out another message indicating your departure.
It refers to a dynamic, interpersonal interaction in which a patient learns and develops in order to achieve certain life objectives. Transactions will occur if perceptual interaction accuracy is present in nurse-patient interactions. The aim or goals will be met if the nurse and the patient complete a transaction. If only one side of the interaction completes a transaction, the goal will not be met.
Transaction analysis focuses on identifying what happens within transactions that makes them successful or not. Factors such as timing, type of feedback given, and patient motivation have been shown to influence whether transactions are completed successfully. Nurses can help patients reach their goals by paying attention to these factors.
If patients feel understood and valued, they are more likely to work with nurses to meet goals. Effective transactions include listening to patients' concerns, giving clear explanations, showing empathy, allowing time for questions, and demonstrating respect for patients' values and opinions. These aspects of care can help patients develop as people and meet their personal goals.
Nurses must understand that transactions are dynamic processes that require continuous attention from both parties if they are to be successful. Factors such as timing, type of feedback given, and patient motivation affect whether transactions end successfully.
Because if there is no generally correct categorization of human action and interaction, we will never be able to build prediction hypotheses or acquire any kind of knowledge of how people behave and interact. Every connection is transactional. That's the only way to explain it.