Higher degrees of perceived status and closeness to the authoritative person are connected with increased compliance. Higher degrees of compliance were also related with deindividuation and a lack of knowledge in the individuals. This shows that multiple factors influence obedience, some internal and some external to the person being ordered around.
In conclusion, this study showed that perception of status, deindividuation, and knowledge all play roles in influencing obedience. Internal factors such as feelings toward the authority figure and commitment to the group also play roles.
Factors Influencing Obedience
Factors Influencing Obedience Milgram discovered that people were more willing to comply in certain situations than others. When orders were issued by an authority person rather to another volunteer, obedience was highest. The tests were carried out at a reputable institution. And finally, monetary compensation added to the inclination to obey.
These findings indicate that social pressure is an important factor in determining how likely it is for someone to disobey an order. In other words, people are most likely to resist commands they believes are wrong or unethical. They also show that people are more likely to follow orders from persons they believe to be in a position of authority, and this can be any human being who has been appointed to a role.
In addition to these factors, it is worth mentioning that people tended to obey orders given by men rather than women, young people rather than old people, white people rather than black people, Americans rather than foreigners, and individuals with higher status figures than themselves.
Furthermore, people were more likely to refuse to carry out an action if something could be done about it later (for example, by calling the person's supervisor), but not now (for example, when giving an electric shock).
Factors Influencing Obedience An authoritative person, rather than another volunteer, issued commands. The individual was present in the room with the authority person. The learner was in a different room. Other subjects were not seen violating directions by the subject. Subjects did not have time to think of a way to avoid compliance.
Obedience is a form of respect. We show our respect for someone by obeying them. Children who are disobedient toward their parents will often be punished because it shows that they are not respected. When someone is in authority over us, we should always try to understand their reasons for giving orders and then do what they ask. This shows that we trust them enough to follow their instructions.
Everyone who has ever been trained to perform some task or action properly has given instructions on how to do so. If you want to learn something new, you need to follow these instructions. Someone who does not obey instructions cannot be taught anything.
People learn best through examples. If you want to teach someone something, show them how to do it first then explain it to them. Only then can they understand why it is important to do as you are told.
Children also learn by examples. If you want your child to learn how to eat using a knife and fork, you need to use them themselves.
Obedience's Negative Effects Our civilization cannot function without obedience. However, due of the force of authority, individuals may comply in damaging ways that go against their particular moral ideals. Thus, obedience can have negative effects for individual humans.
Obedience can also have negative effects for groups. If an individual disobeys a rule by which they believe themselves to be governed, they can be punished by their ruler. Groups can thus be harmed by obedience, especially if the majority obeys a minority (or single individual) that is deemed "wrong" by many people. In this case, the majority might punish the minority, or refuse to work with them, which could cause them to fall behind their peers. This is likely what happened in the Spanish Inquisition, where majority opinion held that heretics should be punished, so they were often executed in large numbers.
Obedience can also have negative effects for society as a whole. When most people obey authorities, it gives those authorities power over others. This can lead to oppression where one group abuses its power over another - for example, slavery was common in the ancient world, where most people obeyed the rulers who enslaved them. In modern countries, police abuse of authority is common when they use excessive force or perform other actions contrary to human rights guidelines.
"What Produces Obedience?" The following four criteria determined obedience: 1. the victim's emotional distance, 2. the authority's proximity and validity, 3. The physical presence of the researcher has an effect on obedience as well. The more threatening you look, the more likely you are to be obeyed.
Obedience is a complex behavior to study because it is so sensitive to context and person. There are many different factors that come into play when trying to understand why one dog will obey another dog. For example, two different people may talk in very loud voices right next to each other and one of them is likely to get obeied while the other isn't. Two dogs that love each other but that don't trust each other will usually not obey each other either. Context is key!
In addition, personal taste plays a huge role in how likely someone is to obey. If someone enjoys being in charge and having others do their bidding, they're going to be more likely to produce obedient dogs. If they prefer a more democratic system where everyone has an equal voice, they're going to be less likely to produce obedient dogs.
Finally, age can also play a big part in obedience. Young puppies are often not given enough time to develop their own opinions about what makes sense for their lives so they'll generally follow whatever their owner does.