Obviously, there are paradigmatic disparities. As in, if you present a certain moral theory as valid and universal (for example, if you're a Kantian), you're expressly disproving moral relativism (because its truth value is not dependent upon certain contexts-cultural, social, etc.-, so morality is not relativistic).
But even if we grant that all morals are culturally relative, this doesn't prove that moral realism is true. For one thing, there might be no real distinction between morals and other forms of culture. For another, even if there is such a difference, it might be impossible to discern it.
Or perhaps we can only agree to disagree. That's fine by me!
What are moral relativists' perspectives on morality? Moral judgments may only be true or untrue from a certain point of view. There is a universal moral code that regulates everything. Morals are relative since they are all based on the same intellectual principles. This means that there is no such thing as absolute right and wrong because all morals are subjective.
Moral relativism says that there is no such thing as objective truth and falsehood regarding matters of opinion. What we call "right" and "wrong" behavior are simply what those particular cultures consider appropriate behavior. There are no absolutes in morality; it's all relative to each culture.
So, what does this have to do with Mcq's? Well, it means that there is no such thing as correct or incorrect answers to Mcq's. They are all relative to which culture is making the judgment. For example, people in some cultures might think it's okay for their children to eat mouse meat, while others might not allow this. So, if a question like this was asked of a moral relativist, they would likely say that it's okay because both parties involved (the child and the mouse) agreed to this arrangement. If another question were then asked about whether or not it was okay for children to eat dog meat, they would again say that it depended on which culture was making the judgment.
Moral relativism is the belief that moral judgements are true or untrue solely in relation to a certain viewpoint (for example, that of a culture or a historical time), and that no viewpoint is uniquely superior to all others. Relativistic moral perspectives originally emerged in the fifth century B.C.E. with the philosophical school known as Cynicism, which was founded by Antisthenes.
Modern theories of moral relativism first appeared in the eighteenth century, with the work of Francis Hutcheson and David Hume. They argued that since morality is merely a product of human conventions, there can be no such thing as a fact of moral realism. Rather, we only act as if some actions were right and others wrong, but there is no reason to believe this judgment is accurate beyond our own personal views.
Hutcheson went on to argue that because humans are flawed creatures, it is therefore impossible for us to know what acts are right or wrong. Only an infinite being could do so. Thus, he concluded that there is no objective standard by which we can judge acts themselves as good or bad.
Hume also believed that morals are not real entities but instead are products of society. He argued that since all societies agree on certain practices they must be part of a universal human nature rather than ideals toward which people strive to reach.
Moral relativism contends that morality are not absolute and are influenced by societal norms and ideas. Moral objectivism holds that there is a single set of moral norms that must be followed. There are universal rights and wrongs. Morals are not solely determined by society or the person. Rather, they are based on what nature requires.
Moral relativists believe that there is no such thing as right and wrong, only opinions. They say that because people differ in their beliefs, values, and attitudes, there can be no such thing as a common human nature that would allow for fundamental truths to be known and understood by all. Therefore, there can be no objective standards by which to judge any actions, including ones that may harm others.
Objective standards are those that can be used to judge whether an action is good or bad, right or wrong. For example, if I see someone else using drugs, I can judge their behavior to be harmful even if they claim that it has no effects on them. This implies that there is a common element to all forms of addiction that makes it possible to identify these behaviors as wrong. Even if everyone believes that drug use is acceptable, this does not change the fact that it is actually harming individuals and societies by destroying lives and resources.
Moral relativism claims that there is no way to know if some act is right or wrong since each individual views things differently.