Exemplar theory is a concept in psychology explaining how people categorize things and thoughts. It contends that people construct category judgments by comparing incoming stimuli to previously stored occurrences in memory. The "exemplar" is the instance saved in memory. In other words, people compare what they see or hear now with what else is like it in some way.
An exemplar can be any object that you remember clearly from your past experience. For example, if you saw a dog yesterday, then the image of that dog would serve as your exemplar for thinking about dogs. If you saw several different dogs in your life, then you could have multiple examples of dogs in your mind at once. Exemplars are important in psychology because they help us understand how we think and make decisions about things that we see every day.
In classification tasks where we must select one item out of a set, psychologists use terms such as "indicative feature", "gist", or "core property". The term "indicative feature" means the specific detail that distinguishes one item in the set form all the others. For example, the color red is an indicative feature of something that is red; white on rice is not. The color blue is not an indicative feature of anything because everything has features that distinguish it from other things. A person's face is an indicative feature because no two faces are exactly alike.
According to the notion of exemplars, humans categorize new objects by comparing their resemblance to the memory representations of all prior exemplars in each relevant category. For more than 30 years, the most prevalent cognitive theory of categorization has been exemplar theory. Although alternative theories have since emerged, exemplar theory remains a popular framework for understanding how people organize information about novel categories.
Exemplar theory was first proposed by George A. Miller in the early 1950s to explain why people tend to think in terms of categories rather than individuals. At that time, there were two main theories about human cognition: mental representation theory and statistical learning theory. Mental representation theory assumed that people use abstract concepts to think about objects and events. This idea was based on experimental results showing that people can accurately classify novel stimuli using only vague descriptions or even after being shown these items one at a time. Thus, it seemed likely that humans categorize new objects by grouping them with similar existing ones instead of creating unique representations of each item. In contrast, statistical learning theory suggested that people learn to associate features with specific categories by observing many different pairs of objects. For example, if objects that are red in color tend to be also round, then perhaps people would learn to group red things with other red things during childhood development. Based on this idea, statisticians had hoped to use computational models to describe how people acquire knowledge about novel categories.
An example is defined as a person or object that serves as a model to be imitated. An exemplar is someone that others aspire to copy, such as Michael Jackson. A great example or model is one that is worthy of imitation. What makes someone an exemplar? They influence and affect many people with their actions.
Some people are better examples than others. For example, it is hard to imagine anyone copying President George W. Bush. He created such a negative image through his actions that no one would want to be like him. On the other hand, there are still many people who look up to Michael Jordan as a sports exemplar. He was able to combine athletic excellence with entertainment value which made him even more appealing.
Exemplars can also come in forms other than humans. Examples include companies and brands. Some people may look up to certain companies or brands for their quality products or services. These people are called brand exemplars. Other people may look at companies and brands as merely dollar signs and not care about their reputation. These people are called brand abusers. No matter what form an exemplar takes, it will always be important to see them achieve success.
Why are they important? Exemplars play a role in shaping society by creating standards people can compare themselves to. As we know from psychology studies, people prefer to follow others rather than be self-sufficient.
An exemplar is someone or something that is so wonderful that it should be copied or emulated. They saw their new structure as a model of taste. [Number of] Synonyms include model, example, standard, and ideal. Additional Synonyms for "exemplar" are archetype and pattern. An exemplar is something that serves as a guide or reference for others; it can be an actual object or person. It may also be a behavior that people seek to imitate.
“ Exemplar theory explains why some groups are more likely than others to engage in collective violence. The theory states that group members are most likely to commit acts of violence against other groups if these other groups represent plausible alternatives whose loss would benefit the actor's group.” - Source: https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/03/180320184235.htm
In psychology, the term "exemplar" is used to describe an individual who influences others by his or her actions. The term can also refer to similar individuals or groups. The concept of exemplars was first introduced by Erikson in 1950. He defined an exemplar as someone who exhibits the qualities that a young man should develop as he grows up. According to this definition, an exemplar is someone who people look up to and try to copy their behaviors.
A math example is a model of a correctly and completely finished arithmetic problem presented by the teacher. A math sample depicts the important concepts, abilities, and actions necessary to solve a specific issue successfully. Examples include problems that can be found on exams or assignments.
Exemplars play an important role in helping students learn mathematics. They provide practice for solving real-world problems as well as providing examples for making meaning of solutions. Teachers can also use examples to introduce new topics or methods and then move on to more complex problems.
Exemplars can be seen as miniature problems that serve three main purposes: they help students understand the underlying principles behind solving problems; they provide practice for actually solving problems; and finally they can be used as models for creating their own work.
The best examples not only show how to solve a problem correctly but also illustrate with clarity and precision what it is that needs to be proven or concluded about the problem at hand. They should be simple enough for students to follow but challenging enough to keep them interested.
Examples can come from any area of mathematics. They may be solved exercises from textbooks or online videos, problems from homework sets or quizzes, even questions on exam papers. The only requirement is that the example must contain all the information needed to solve the problem completely and correctly.
Exemplification theory holds that an occurrence is an exemplification of a property in an entity. This identity is frequently represented as a "ordered triple" consisting of an entity, a property type, and a time. For example, there was an exemplification of being human during the Pleistocene period.
Exemplification can also be used to explain the existence of objects or events that do not seem to arise nor disappear. For example, some physicists believe that there always has been and always will be chaos within the universe. This state of affairs could not continue forever, so it must be that something will eventually happen to bring about order out of chaos. The exemplification theory says that this something is space itself which is expanding and evolving into something more orderly every moment. Space is forming galaxies, planets, and people. It is providing an explanation for why there is order in the universe despite the fact that it contains no living things that could have created such order themselves.
Chaos cannot exist without order yet nothing can create order except something with order itself. Therefore, space is both order and cause of order. This is what scientists mean by saying that space creates time.
Space is not just a background feature of reality, it is fundamental to our understanding of what happens in the world around us.