What exactly is the distinction between reception and perception? The process of receiving sensations from nerve terminals in the skin and body is known as reception. Perception is the ability to comprehend impulses given by receptors and assign meaning to inputs. Perception involves thinking about what is sensed, while reception does not.
Reception is the act of sensing or feeling something: "The nurse was able to sense that her patient was dying." Perceiving is understanding without necessarily feeling: "The doctor perceived that his patient had kidney failure."'
In psychology, perception is the process by which information from the external world is received by the senses and interpreted by the brain. Perception is different from memory because it does not require any effort on the part o f the perceiver. On the other hand, memory requires an effort on the part o f the rememberer to retrieve the information. For example, when we remember something that happened last week, we have to consciously think about it.
In philosophy, perception refers to the way in which we gain knowledge about our environment. Perception is divided into two categories: sensory perception and cognitive perception. Sensory perception involves awareness of physical stimuli such as sound, touch, taste, and smell. Cognitive perception involves awareness of information obtained through thought and reason alone (e.g., knowing that someone is near you based on their voice).
Sensation is information about the physical world that our sensory receptors provide, and perception is the process by which the brain picks, organizes, and interprets this information. In other words, perception is physiologically based on the senses. The mind then adds additional meanings to these sensations.
There are three main differences between sensation and perception:
1 Perception is a conscious process. Sensation is an unconscious process. You can't consciously sense something- you need an eye or a skin cell that has receptor sites sensitive to touch.
2 Perception involves awareness. With perception, we become aware of our environment; we see things, hear sounds, feel textures. With sensation, our brains simply register the information coming in from our senses. There is no way for us to be aware of what's happening with our bodies unless someone tells us or unless we experience it ourselves (such as feeling pain).
3 Perception requires space and time. We cannot perceive something if it happens inside our heads - only if it happens in the outside world. If I shout "fire" in a room full of people, some will likely run in fear, but most will not even notice my warning. That is because they did not experience fire, only noise and sensations caused by air being moved by my voice.
However, perception is more than simply passive information receipt. Perception is a dynamic process: Touch, for example, necessitates movement, which we now refer to as "scanning." Touch contains information about both you (e.g., your muscles and joints) and what you are touching. Based on this information, your brain creates a visual representation of the world around it. This representation is called "perception."
The brain performs this task by interpreting signals received from the eyes and skin. It combines these signals with knowledge of its own structure and function and uses this information to produce a stable image of the world. The brain does this quickly and efficiently because it doesn't need to record every detail of what it sees; rather, it can focus on what matters most in any given situation.
Thus, perception is an active process that involves reading signs and symbols in our environment and using this information to construct a picture of it. This process is not limited to sights but also includes sounds, smells, tastes, and feelings.
Furthermore, perception can be influenced by our mood, desire, and expectations at the time of observation. The more aware we are of these factors, the better we can adjust what we perceive to fit them.
Perception is therefore a two-way street: What we see depends on who is seeing and why; likewise, what others see depends on who is seeing and why.
Any location on a person's property where sound or vibration from somewhere other than those premises is received is referred to as a point of reception. The point of reception can be inside a building such as a home theater, or outside in your backyard with a good-quality radio.
The point of reception determines how far away an object can be from a listener and still be heard clearly. If you are listening through headphones, the point of reception also determines how far away someone can be from you and still be heard. The further the point of reception, the more distance the listener needs to travel before they will be able to hear something else over the noise from traffic, people, etc. The closer the point of reception, the less distance the traveler needs to travel before they will be able to hear something else over the noise.
People like to say that with technology today, you don't need a house with a yard for a quiet night listen to music. That's true, but it isn't really what they mean. They mean that with technology today, you don't need any point of reception at all! You can listen to music everywhere - even inside buildings where there are lots of other noises too - as long as the source of the music doesn't interfere with anything else going on.
Perception is the organization, interpretation, and conscious experience of sensory information. Bottom-up and top-down processes are both involved in perception. This is known as "top-down processing." One way to think about this is that feeling is a physical process, whereas perception is a psychological one. Perception involves the brain interpreting signals from the body through bottom-up processing and then using knowledge stored in the brain's memory system to interpret those signals in context--that is, with respect to what is happening in the world around us. Feelings can also influence how we perceive things, especially when they are intense.
The study of perception began with David Hume. He argued that because our senses always report what is present for them, then what we perceive is merely a collection of sensations that arise due to contact with objects in our environment. We then use our understanding to fit these sensations together into a coherent representation of the world. This process by which sensations are combined into perceptions is called "categorization."
Hume's theory has many problems with it, but it does provide a starting point for much of modern perception research. Since then, many different factors have been shown to affect what we perceive. These include physical attributes of objects such as size, shape, and color; physical properties of our bodies such as height, weight, and gender; mental tasks such as thinking about something or making a judgment; and even emotional states such as fear or anger.