Advertisements A group is defined as two or more interacting and interdependent individuals who work together to achieve certain goals. Group conduct may be defined as a path of action taken by a group as a family. Take, for example, strike. To strike out is to make an abrupt movement away from others; to strike someone is to hit him/her with your hand or some other object. The term "to strike" also means to cause dissatisfaction among employees by giving them notice that the company will be making changes to its workforce. This type of group behavior is called "employment termination." Employees are notified that their services are no longer needed and then given a chance to find new jobs. When this happens, there are usually fewer people available to do the work of the company which often leads to layoffs. Laying off employees is just one way that businesses can control their group behavior.
Groups differ from teams in that groups consist of people who interact with each other but who did not necessarily join together for a purpose, while teams are formed to accomplish specific tasks. Teams can be found in business organizations where they may include anyone from one person working alone to several people who know each other but aren't related (such as teammates on a sports team). Teamwork involves working together toward a common goal.
A group is described in social psychology as two or more persons who interact with one another, accept expectations and duties as group members, and have a common identity. According to Hare, social interaction is the distinguishing trait of a group. Groups may be classified by their composition: individual, dyadic (two people), triadic (three people), tetradic (four people), and so on.
Groups can also be classified by their structure: hierarchical, networked, and mixed. In a hierarchical group, there is one leader who controls the actions of his or her subordinates. In a networked group, everyone has equal power over all others. Finally, mixed groups contain elements of both a hierarchical and networked structure.
Social groups are important in psychology because many behaviors relevant to understanding individuals and societies are shared by members of a group. Psychologists study these behaviors by testing how people react to each other within groups, between groups, and even across multiple groups.
In addition to psychologists, social groups are important in sociology, political science, anthropology, and other disciplines. Social groups influence society by creating groups that share values and attitudes, which in turn influences politics and legislation.
Group dynamics refers to the study of behavior within groups.
A group exists when two or more persons declare themselves as members of it and at least one other person recognizes its existence. Brown, Rupert (1988: 2-3)
Intergroup behavior consists of interactions between different groups and is influenced by elements such as task knowledge, aims, and interdependence. When groups understand their task and the goals behind it, they are more likely to perform well.
A group that lacks interconnectedness, group cohesiveness, structure, and other social group traits. A group of people getting off a bus is an example. The minimum number required to constitute a psychological group is two (although three or more are usually enough). Groups of one are called dyads, those of two individuals triads, and so on.
In general, human beings form groups to seek out support from others for themselves and their ideas. Group identity can be defined as "the set of attributes that members perceive to be shared by each other." Thus, group identity is a subjective phenomenon that varies between individuals and communities. Groups may have common origins but continue to interact with each other even after some members have died or moved away. Groups may also change over time due to differences in membership or interactions with other groups.
There are two types of groups in society: formal and informal. Formal groups include organizations such as corporations, governments, and churches that are structured with a leader who has authority over others. In contrast, informal groups have no official leaders and depend on mutual agreement for their actions. Families are an example of an informal group; everyone agrees that certain behaviors are correct or incorrect, but no one forces others to follow these practices.