Marxist psychology is the study of the social individual within the context of social production relations. In a Marxist understanding, production, both material and social, is emphasized as the core of social interactions. The whole of social interactions is the totality of production, both social and material. Mental processes are considered inseparable from physical processes, so psychology is seen as a branch of biology.
According to this perspective, individuals are not only affected by their social environment, but also actively participate in creating it. Thus, mental processes such as thinking and reasoning are viewed as products of social interactions, just like art or science. Psychology is therefore considered a social science that studies human behavior as it is manifested in society.
This view of psychology as a social science was proposed by Karl Marx. He argued that understanding human behavior requires analysis of the relationships between people: what they produce, who owns what they produce, how they distribute their property, and so on.
Thus, Marxist psychology is concerned with questions such as "Why do some people act socially? What is the relationship between social behavior and biological factors such as genetics and brain chemistry? How does social experience influence people's thoughts and feelings?"
These are some of the topics that have been studied by Marxist psychologists.
Marxist anthropology is an anthropological philosophy that is used to examine various civilizations all over the world. It is primarily based on the writings of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, both nineteenth-century German intellectuals. Materialist anthropology is concerned with the manner in which material elements influence social transformation. It attempts to explain cultural phenomena by relating them to economic factors.
According to Marxist anthropologists, all human cultures are divided into three main categories: primitive, pre-modern, and modern.
Primitive societies are believed to be those that exist outside of society itself. They are thought to be based solely on biological needs such as food, shelter, and safety. Members of a primitive culture have no understanding of "civilization" or any other kind of organization besides that which satisfies their physical requirements.
Pre-modern societies are those that are still trying to adapt to the changes brought about by civilization. They include traditional indigenous cultures as well as certain types of religions and art.
Modern societies are considered to be those that have fully embraced industrialization and capitalism. They include countries like Germany, France, and America. Marxist theorists believe that as long as a society remains underdeveloped, it will always turn to its past for answers regarding how to live life better.
Historical materialism is a socioeconomic analytical technique that employs a materialist explanation of historical development. Socialism is a manner of creating a society in which the working class owns and controls the means of production rather than capitalists. Thus, a Marxist organization is one that believes in and practices socialism.
Socialism is the goal of many political movements and ideologies, including anarchism, communism, democratic socialism, and green socialism. These terms are used to describe various positions on how to get from where we are now to a socialist society.
A Marxist organization is one that believes in and strives to achieve socialism through revolutionary means. Some Marxist groups support non-violent revolution while others advocate violence. There are several varieties of Marxism including Leninism, Maoism, and Trotskyism.
Marxism is a global movement with millions of adherents worldwide. There are many different types of organizations that call themselves Marxist but only those who adopt the Leninist method agree that they are part of the international Marxist movement.
In conclusion, a Marxist organization is one that adopts the methods of Leninism.
Marxist analysis is based on a materialism and consumerism worldview that impacts and is impacted by communication practices, events, and texts. That is, all concepts, rules, regulations, conventions, customs, and social practices are determined by the economic base—who owns what, who controls what. When capitalists own the means of production, they will want to use them to maximize profit. If they allow workers to organize, this could reduce their profits and therefore their ability to pay wages. If they stop workers from organizing, they show that they don't care about their employees' well-being.
Communication studies scholars have used the term "social text" to describe messages that convey information about groups or individuals. These include newspapers, magazines, blogs, tweets, etc. Social texts are important because they can give us insight into how people think about certain topics and influence decisions about others. They can also tell us something about where and when these ideas first appeared.
One way researchers have tried to understand the relationship between capitalism and communication is through discourse analysis. This involves studying language use in order to identify underlying meanings and assumptions. Certain words or phrases may stand out as examples of this approach. For example, one might notice that when discussing politics, journalists often use terms such as "win," "lose," "oppose," or "support" to describe different positions.