What is the difference between Down syndrome and autism?

What is the difference between Down syndrome and autism?

No, Down syndrome and autism are not the same thing. And the chances of having autism are the same as for everybody else. It is possible to have Down syndrome while also being autistic. The Down Syndrome-Autism Connection website offers resources for persons who have this dual diagnosis.

Down syndrome is a physical condition associated with an extra copy of chromosome 21. The most common effect of having three copies of chromosome 21 instead of two is that people with trisomy 21 tend to develop mental retardation. They may also have other health concerns, such as heart disease and diabetes.

People with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) experience problems with social communication and behavior. Symptoms usually appear before age 3 and often continue into adulthood. ASD can be very difficult to diagnose because there are so many different ways symptoms can present themselves.

It is important to recognize the differences between autism and other conditions with similar names, such as ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder), LD (learning disability), and ODD (oppositional defiant disorder). People with these conditions often receive multiple diagnoses from several different professionals.

In addition to social problems, individuals with ASD may have difficulty communicating their needs and liking things at the same time. They may have trouble understanding what others want or need from them.

Is Down’s syndrome on the autism spectrum?

According to some study, up to 18% (another research suggests up to 39%) of people with Down syndrome also have autism spectrum disorder. Without the combo, both Down syndrome and autism may be difficult difficulties. However, when they are combined, the issues double and can become rather complicated. There is still much debate about this issue within the medical community.

People with Down syndrome often have an extra copy of chromosome 21 (they have trisomy 21). With more than 95% accuracy, doctors can tell whether a person has three copies of 21 or four copies by looking at their chromosomes under a microscope. People who have three copies tend to have many physical traits in common with people who have autism, including developmental delays, limited interest in other people, unusual habits, and language problems. In fact, some studies show that around 20% of people with autism also have Down syndrome.

However, not everyone with three copies of 21 has autism. It's possible to have autism without having Down syndrome. Also, not all people with Down syndrome will have autism. The two conditions often co-exist, but they don't always do so. For example, if you have no family history of either condition, it's very unlikely that you'll develop autism later in life.

People with Down syndrome often have certain behavior patterns like those with autism. They may have difficulty forming friendships, engage in repetitive activities, seem oblivious to social cues, etc.

How is Down syndrome related to intellectual disability?

Collacott et al. (1992) conducted a comparison of persons with Down syndrome and adults with intellectual disability caused by other causes. Autism was diagnosed in the same proportion in each group. However, when specific autism symptoms were considered, the rate of autism rose with age. This suggests that people with Down syndrome become more aware of their environment as they get older, which may help them cope with intellectual disability.

Down syndrome is often used as an example of how not to parent. The disorder is due to an extra copy of chromosome 21, which results in physical and mental differences from the typical 10;21 ratio. People with Down syndrome usually have a full scale IQ of around 50, although this varies depending on how many features of the condition they have. They are likely to experience difficulties with attention and memory, along with behavioral problems such as obsessive-compulsive behavior and aggression.

People with Down syndrome can have very successful careers. Many achieve high levels of expertise in their fields while others create businesses or charities.

The presence of Down syndrome doesn't prevent someone from being intellectually disabled. Rather, it is the result of having intellectual disability. Individuals with Down syndrome and their families should be given the opportunity to decide what kind of life they want to lead.

Down syndrome is the most common genetic cause of intellectual disability.

Are dyslexia and ADHD on the autism spectrum?

Autism spectrum disorder and ADHD are linked in a variety of ways. Although ADHD is not on the autism spectrum, it exhibits some of the same symptoms. Getting one of these disorders raises the likelihood of having the other. Being male increases your chances of being diagnosed with both conditions as well.

People who know you well may have assumed that you have ADHD because you seem distracted sometimes or that you might be on drugs because you seem alert when you don't need to be. But since people with autism can have similar problems focusing and staying organized, they may have mistaken those behaviors for ADHD. The truth is that there are many different reasons why someone might appear hyperactive or inattentive. It's important to understand that neither of these conditions are your fault.

If you're being treated for ADHD, you should know that this condition does not go away by itself. Even when you aren't working with a doctor, trying out different behavior therapies or taking medications every day, it is still possible to become more focused and organized. Autism tends to run in families, so if you're aware of any genetic links to either condition, it will help doctors identify potential causes for your behavioral issues.

People with autism tend to use strategies such as ritualistic behavior, strict routines, and repetitive actions to cope with their difficulties relating to others.

Is there a link between autism and seizures?

Yes, there is a link between autism and epilepsy. Children with autism are (somewhat) more prone to suffer from seizures. Children who have epilepsy are (slightly) more likely to have autism. The most prevalent neurologic consequence in ASD is seizures. Seizures can be present from infancy in individuals with ASD. They may also become apparent later in life, particularly after the age of 4. There are several different types of seizures that can occur in people with ASD; they can be focal or generalized. Focal seizures involve only a part of the brain, such as the temporal lobe. These are usually brief episodes that last for a few minutes and can change into another type of seizure called a complex partial seizure. Generalized seizures are widespread across all of the brain cells. A person cannot tell when these seizures will happen but they can be predicted by certain signs such as dizziness or loss of consciousness. Epilepsy is a term used to describe the presence of two or more unprovoked seizures. About 10% of people with autism will have epilepsy at some point in their lives. Many children with autism will experience multiple seizures before the diagnosis is made. Parents should not worry if they observe other behaviors that do not appear to be related to autism but could be symptoms of a seizure. These include unusual movements or posturing of the body, speaking without understanding what you are saying, or having a blank stare in response to a question.

About Article Author

James Lawson

James Lawson is an expert in the field of psychology. He has a PhD and many years of experience as a professor. He specializes in treating individuals with mood disorders, anxiety-related problems, obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), and addictive behaviors. James also provides couples therapy for those who are struggling with marital issues or the loss of a loved one through death or divorce.


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