I Tribal idols are widespread impulses to lie that are ingrained in our human nature. They include an unquestioning dependence on sensory perception, as well as tendencies to overgeneralize or leap to conclusions and dismiss contradictory facts. The mind's ability to create illusions is one reason why idols are called "idols of the mind."
Idols can also be beliefs that are not grounded in reality. For example, I may believe that people can't help being dishonest; this belief is an idol because it isn't true. Idols can also be habits that are not conscious decisions but rather automatic responses to certain situations. For example, when afraid, we often fall into a habit of thinking about what might happen if we try something new.
People often have more than one idol. For example, I may believe that there is no hope for those who do not work hard now, so I make sure never to waste my time on things that aren't important. That same person may also believe that life is meaningless unless you are successful at something meaningful, so they struggle with success until it becomes an idol that prevents them from living their own life.
All idols are based on belief. We believe that some thing is true even though evidence shows otherwise.
An object of fervent devotion a movie idol in addition: ideal sense 2. 2: a representation or symbol of a religious thing, in general: a false god 3a: a resemblance to something.
Idols of the Tribe are misleading ideas that are inherent in man's psyche and so belong to the whole human race. They are erroneous abstractions resulting from common inclinations toward exaggeration, distortion, and disproportion. Idols of the Cave are those that emerge within the individual's imagination.
The major reason we believe in idols is that they can achieve things that we deem enormous and extraordinary. An idol is merely someone who is capable of achieving what you want to do but have always failed to do. In such cases, the victories of our heroes become our own. The problem with idols is that we often demand that they deliver miracles every time we need them to save us from danger or disaster. But even superheroes are human after all! They make mistakes, they get injured, and sometimes they even die.
Idols also tell us that we cannot work hard enough to succeed at something. Even if this were true, it would not be a good thing to believe - it would be called fatalism. Fatalists never try hard enough because they believe they will never succeed anyway so why waste your energy on trying?
Finally, idols give us hope. We know that even the most successful people in history had failures before them. So why not us? What prevents us from reaching for the stars? The truth is that no one is perfect and no one has ever achieved anything significant by only focusing on themselves. We need others to help us achieve our goals. That's how the world works.
Idols are therefore useful tools for us to use when there's nothing else available to help us move forward. They give us hope without which none of us could keep going.
The four idols, according to Francis Bacon, are the four fundamental fallacies or lies that keep individuals from attaining genuine knowledge and becoming the best versions of themselves. As a result, civilizational growth came to a halt. These four idols are the tribe's, the cave's, the marketplace's, and the theater's. The first three exist within every individual human being, while the fourth exists within every society.
Bacon uses these examples to explain how each of us is prone to one or more of these fallacies: the idol of the tribe keeps us bonded to others rather than to our own reason; the idol in the cave is material wealth; the idol in the marketplace is fame; and the idol in the theater is pleasure-seeking behavior.
By exposing ourselves to these lies, we become ignorant of truth itself. Only when we overcome these obstacles can we realize our full potential as humans.
So the purpose of the four idols is to limit our understanding of the world around us so that we cannot perceive truth anymore. This prevents us from developing as people, because true knowledge allows us to grow as individuals and societies. Without this knowledge, we remain primitive beings trapped in the darkness of misperception.